Matthew 5

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Matthew inspired.

[1] And seeing the multitudes, he went up into a mountain: and when he was set, his disciples came unto him: [2] And he opened his mouth, and taught them, saying,

[3] Blessed are the poor in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. [4] Blessed are they that mourn: for they shall be comforted. [5] Blessed are the meek: for they shall inherit the earth. [6] Blessed are they which do hunger and thirst after righteousness: for they shall be filled. [7] Blessed are the merciful: for they shall obtain mercy. [8] Blessed are the pure in heart: for they shall see God. [9] Blessed are the peacemakers: for they shall be called the children of God. [10] Blessed are they which are persecuted for righteousness' sake: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. [11] Blessed are ye, when men shall revile you, and persecute you, and shall say all manner of evil against you falsely, for my sake. [12] Rejoice, and be exceeding glad: for great is your reward in heaven: for so persecuted they the prophets which were before you.

[13] Ye are the salt of the earth: but if the salt have lost his savour, wherewith shall it be salted? it is thenceforth good for nothing, but to be cast out, and to be trodden under foot of men. [14] Ye are the light of the world. A city that is set on an hill cannot be hid. [15] Neither do men light a candle, and put it under a bushel, but on a candlestick; and it giveth light unto all that are in the house. [16] Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven.

[17] Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil.

Matthew 5:17 makes it very clear out of Jesus' own mouth that he was not going to destroy the law. The word we see as destroy is not the word apollumi[1] translated destroy 26 times and meaning "to put out of the way entirely, abolish, put an end to ruin or render useless". Nor is it the Greek word luo[2] meaning "to loosen, undo, dissolve". Nor is it the word diaphtheiro[3] meaning "to change for the worse, to corrupt".
It is from the Greek word kataluo[4] meaning "to dissolve... to overthrow ... bring to naught... to subvert,... institutions, forms of government, laws, etc..."
He said that he was fulfilling things using the word pleroo [5] meaning "to make full, to fill up,... to cause to abound,.... to render full".
Remember the Pharisees and their traditions (also translated ordinance[6]) like Corban were making the word of God to none effect and not bearing fruit.
The law included the Ten Commandments which hinge upon the Two commandments. The statutes of Moses were his description of the application of that basic law. Jesus did not violate the law but appeared at times to violate the pharisees' private interpretation of the law.
The truth is, most Modern Christians have the same "traditions" of corban as the pharisees.
The words and deeds of Jesus Christ and His appointed disciples do convince me that Moses and Jesus were in agreement. And they, like the early Church, had a daily ministration of love and charity. Where is your daily ministration? Where is the love of Christ? Or are you making the word of God to none effect with your Corban?

[18] For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled. [19] Whosoever therefore shall break one of these least commandments, and shall teach men so, he shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven: but whosoever shall do and teach them, the same shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven. [20] For I say unto you, That except your righteousness shall exceed the righteousness of the scribes and Pharisees, ye shall in no case enter into the kingdom of heaven.

[21] Ye have heard that it was said by them of old time, Thou shalt not kill; and whosoever shall kill shall be in danger of the judgment: [22] But I say unto you, That whosoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment: and whosoever shall say to his brother, Raca, shall be in danger of the council: but whosoever shall say, Thou fool, shall be in danger of hell fire. [23] Therefore if thou bring thy gift to the altar, and there rememberest that thy brother hath ought against thee; [24] Leave there thy gift before the altar, and go thy way; first be reconciled to thy brother, and then come and offer thy gift. [25] Agree with thine adversary quickly, whiles thou art in the way with him; lest at any time the adversary deliver thee to the judge, and the judge deliver thee to the officer, and thou be cast into prison. [26] Verily I say unto thee, Thou shalt by no means come out thence, till thou hast paid the uttermost farthing.

[27] Ye have heard that it was said by them of old time, Thou shalt not commit adultery: [28] But I say unto you, That whosoever looketh on a woman to lust after her hath committed adultery with her already in his heart. [29] And if thy right eye offend thee, pluck it out, and cast it from thee: for it is profitable for thee that one of thy members should perish, and not that thy whole body should be cast into hell. [30] And if thy right hand offend thee, cut if off, and cast it from thee: for it is profitable for thee that one of thy members should perish, and not that thy whole body should be cast into hell. [31] It hath been said, Whosoever shall put away his wife, let him give her a writing of divorcement: [32] But I say unto you, That whosoever shall put away his wife, saving for the cause of fornication, causeth her to commit adultery: and whosoever shall marry her that is divorced committeth adultery.

[33] Again, ye have heard that it hath been said by them of old time, Thou shalt not forswear thyself, but shalt perform unto the Lord thine oaths: [34] But I say unto you, Swear not at all; neither by heaven; for it is God's throne: [35] Nor by the earth; for it is his footstool: neither by Jerusalem; for it is the city of the great King. [36] Neither shalt thou swear by thy head, because thou canst not make one hair white or black. [37] But let your communication be, Yea, yea; Nay, nay: for whatsoever is more than these cometh of evil.

[38] Ye have heard that it hath been said, An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth: [39] But I say unto you, That ye resist not evil: but whosoever shall smite thee on thy right cheek, turn to him the other also. [40] And if any man will sue thee at the law, and take away thy coat, let him have thy cloke also. [41] And whosoever shall compel thee to go a mile, go with him twain. [42] Give to him that asketh thee, and from him that would borrow of thee turn not thou away.

[43] Ye have heard that it hath been said, Thou shalt love thy neighbour, and hate thine enemy. [44] But I say unto you, Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you, and persecute you; [45] That ye may be the children of your Father which is in heaven: for he maketh his sun to rise on the evil and on the good, and sendeth rain on the just and on the unjust. [46] For if ye love them which love you, what reward have ye? do not even the publicans the same? [47] And if ye salute your brethren only, what do ye more than others? do not even the publicans so? [48] Be ye therefore perfect, even as your Father which is in heaven is perfect.

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Footnotes

  1. 622 ~ἀπόλλυμι~ apollumi \@ap-ol’-loo-mee\@ from 575 and the base of 3639; v AV-perish 33, destroy 26, lose 22, be lost 5, lost 4, misc 2; 92
    1) to destroy
    1a) to put out of the way entirely, abolish, put an end to ruin
    1b) render useless
    1c) to kill
    1d) to declare that one must be put to death
    1e) metaph. to devote or give over to eternal misery in hell
    1f) to perish, to be lost, ruined, destroyed
    2) to destroy
    2a) to lose
  2. 3089 ~λύω~ luo \@loo’-o\@ a root word; v AV-loose 27, break 5, unloose 3, destroy 2, dissolve 2, put off 1, melt 1, break up 1, break down 1; 43
    1) to loose any person (or thing) tied or fastened
    2) to loose one bound, i.e. to unbind, release from bonds, set free
    3) to loosen, undo, dissolve, anything bound, tied, or compacted together
  3. 1311 ~διαφθείρω~ diaphtheiro \@dee-af-thi’-ro\@ from 1225 and 5351; v AV-destroy 3, corrupt 2, perish 1; 6
    1) to change for the worse, to corrupt
    1a) of minds, morals
    2) to destroy, ruin
    2a) to consume
    2a1) of bodily vigour and strength
    2a2) of the worm or moth that eats provisions, clothing, etc.
    2b) to destroy, to kill
  4. 2647 ~καταλύω~ kataluo \@kat-al-oo’-o\@ from 2596 and 3089; v AV-destroy 9, throw down 3, lodge 1, guest 1, come to nought 1, overthrow 1, dissolve 1; 17
    1) to dissolve, disunite
    1a) (what has been joined together), to destroy, demolish
    1b) metaph. to overthrow i.e. render vain, deprive of success, bring to naught
    1b1) to subvert, overthrow
    1b1a) of institutions, forms of government, laws, etc., to deprive of force, annul, abrogate, discard
    1c) of travellers, to halt on a journey, to put up, lodge (the figurative expression originating in the circumstance that, to put up for the night, the straps and packs of the beasts of burden are unbound and taken off; or, more correctly from the fact that the traveller’s garments, tied up when he is on the journey, are unloosed at it end)
  5. 4137 ~πληρόω~ pleroo \@play-ro’-o\@ from 4134; v AV-fulfil 51, fill 19, be full 7, complete 2, end 2, misc 9; 90
    1) to make full, to fill up, i.e. to fill to the full
    1a) to cause to abound, to furnish or supply liberally
    1a1) I abound, I am liberally supplied
    2) to render full, i.e. to complete
    2a) to fill to the top: so that nothing shall be wanting to full measure, fill to the brim
    2b) to consummate: a number
    2b1) to make complete in every particular, to render perfect
    2b2) to carry through to the end, to accomplish, carry out, (some undertaking)
    2c) to carry into effect, bring to realisation, realise
    2c1) of matters of duty: to perform, execute
    2c2) of sayings, promises, prophecies, to bring to pass, ratify, accomplish
    2c3) to fulfil, i.e. to cause God’s will (as made known in the law) to be obeyed as it should be, and God’s promises (given through the prophets) to receive fulfilment
  6. 3862 ~παράδοσις~ paradosis \@par-ad’-os-is\@ from 3860;n f AV-tradition 12, ordinance 1; 13
    1) giving up, giving over
    1a) the act of giving up
    1b) the surrender of cities
    2) a giving over which is done by word of mouth or in writing, i.e. tradition by instruction, narrative, precept, etc.
    2a) objectively, that which is delivered, the substance of a teaching
    2b) of the body of precepts, esp. ritual, which in the opinion of the later Jews were orally delivered by Moses and orally transmitted in unbroken succession to subsequent generations, which precepts, both illustrating and expanding the written law, as they did were to be obeyed with equal reverence
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