The word Charity does not appear in the Old Testament. But that book which contains instructions, often expressed in metaphor, on how to form a free government with no central king or ruler talks about a governmental system dependent upon a Network that is supported by charity, known as Freewill offerings.
In order for any society to be free, the way it takes care of its needy must be by freewill offerings or charity. This is the message of the Bible, of John the Baptist and of Christ. Systems that depend on force and Benefactors who exercise authority always become tyrannical, inefficient and corrupt.
Food Stamps, like the Free Bread and circuses of Rome, are an example of how a system of entitlements weakens the people, divides the community, dissipates honor and depletes the Social Virtues. Our whole system of Welfare needs to be reexamined. People will not want to change but those who do must be the change in a Network of true, wise and continuous charity, with daily Charitable Practices.
Freewill offering in the Old Testament is translated from 05071 הבדנ nᵉdabah \@ned-aw-baw’\@ from the verb בדנ^ nadab translated offered willingly
nedabah הבדנ or Nun Daleth Beit Hey is a feminine noun translated freewill offering 15 times, offerings 9, free offering and freely twice each, as well as willing offering, voluntary offering, plentiful, voluntarily, voluntary, willing, willingly.
It is defined 1) voluntariness, free-will offering
- 1a) voluntariness
- 1b) freewill, voluntary, offering
Why were these offerings mentioned so much in the Bible? That was how the nation of Israel supported its government, by faith, hope and charity and the perfect law of liberty.
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Freewill offerings as the noun הבדנ nᵉdabah appears in at least 25 verses from Exodus to Amos. And as a verb we see it another 15 times from Exodus to Nehemiah. The same three Hebrew letters NunDelethBeit form a verb given another Strongs number 05069 appearing several more times often referring to priests or Levites offerings past up through a network of ministers.
The same letters is said to form the name Nadab which is said to me generous.
- And term minchah also appears some times with another Strong's number assigned to it.
The word offering is a thing offered, especially as a gift or contribution. In the Bible this might be an "animal as sacrificial offerings" or in modern times we may see it as something which "you may place offerings in the basket" as a contribution, especially of money, to a church. An offering can be a thing offered as a religious sacrifice or token but what makes the offering truly religious or a part of what James calls Pure Religion?
There are numerous words translated offering within the Torah. They are almost all about Charity yet the word charity, which is also translated love every time Christ says it, is not found anywhere in the Old Testament.
How can this be?
The truth is that the Old Testament had the same message as the New Testament concerning love and mercy, the law and the weightier matters. There was the same need for faith, hope and charity and the perfect law of liberty. The truth is that most Modern Christians do not understand the Old Testament because of the Sophistry of the Pharisee type ministers that have twisted the truth and meaning of the text in order to tickle the ears of the people in false religion.
Upon examination of the context, language and theme of the Bible from beginning to end it is clear that God's message is and always has been about freely giving and forgiving in love rather than forcing contributions as is the covetous practices of modern societies and the governments they produce.
And shelem  is translated peace offering over 80 times. The term korban shelamim (קורבן שלמים) is rendered "peace offering". A modern Jewish encyclopedia suggests that there are three kinds of peace-offering: (1) the thank-offering; (2) the votive-offering; and (3) the free-will offering. But M. M. Kalisch says that the shelamim were "safety-offerings." They were connected with the essential to a secure existence.
There are also words that include the word offering to translate their meaning like chattaah meaning sin offering.
And ishshah  meaning a burnt-offering.
Types of offerings
Some categorize the offerings of the Old Testaments into five divisions:
- the Burnt Offerings,
- the Grain Offering,
- the Peace Offering or Sin offering,
- the Purification Offering, and
- the Reparation Offering.
You will also see the sin offering, wave offering, freewill offerings and even drink offering.
All these offerings had some descriptions to give us some idea of their meaning or purpose. But through Sophistry the true meaning and purpose has been lost in a plethora of theologies and mindless ritual unmoored from their original purpose.
Understanding what the Burnt Offerings purpose was is key to understanding the altars of Clay and Stone. Only then can you connect the essential to understanding the types of offerings and their purpose. Israel was a government without rulers, a nation with no king.
The grain offering was to worship God and acknowledge His provision by sharing those provisions given you to and with others. Grain could almost be used as money and precious. It was the lack of grain that brought them into bondage and could mean famine and death.
The peace offering is often considered a propitiatory or conciliatory offering because of some offence. It appears in Hebrew as  It is from a word that means "to be at peace" so, in fact, it is an offering "to bring peace". This often means paying recompense. It is also said to mean "to be complete, be sound". It could be cakes or leavened bread as a thanksgiving.
In 1 Samuel 13 Saul forces a burnt offering and a peace offering because he needs support for a war he sees coming. Samuel says his kingdom will not stand because he has done this foolish thing.
1 Samuel 13:13 And Samuel said to Saul, Thou hast done foolishly: thou hast not kept the commandment of the LORD thy God, which he commanded thee: for now would the LORD have established thy kingdom upon Israel for ever.
- 05068 ^בדנ^ nadab \@naw-dab’\@ a primitive root; v; AV-offered willingly 6, willingly offered 5, willing 2, offered 1, willing 1, offered freely 1, give willingly 1; 17 1) to incite, impel, make willing 1a) (Qal) to incite, impel 1b) (Hithpael)1b1) to volunteer 1b2) to offer free-will offerings. (See also 05069 בדנ nᵉdab translated AV-freely offered, freewill offering, offering willingly, minded of their own freewill; defined 1) to volunteer, offer freely 1a) 1a1) to volunteer 1a2) to give freely, offer freely)
- Exodus 35:29 The children of Israel brought a willing offering <05071> unto the LORD, every man and woman, whose heart made them willing to bring for all manner of work, which the LORD had commanded to be made by the hand of Moses.
- Exodus 36:3 And they received of Moses all the offering, which the children of Israel had brought for the work of the service of the sanctuary, to make it withal. And they brought yet unto him free offerings <05071> every morning.
- Leviticus 7:16 But if the sacrifice of his offering be a vow, or a voluntary offering <05071>, it shall be eaten the same day that he offereth his sacrifice: and on the morrow also the remainder of it shall be eaten:
- Leviticus 22:18 Speak unto Aaron, and to his sons, and unto all the children of Israel, and say unto them, Whatsoever he be of the house of Israel, or of the strangers in Israel, that will offer his oblation for all his vows, and for all his freewill offerings <05071>, which they will offer unto the LORD for a burnt offering;
- Leviticus 22:21 And whosoever offereth a sacrifice of peace offerings unto the LORD to accomplish his vow, or a freewill offering <05071> in beeves or sheep, it shall be perfect to be accepted; there shall be no blemish therein.
- Leviticus 22:23 Either a bullock or a lamb that hath any thing superfluous or lacking in his parts, that mayest thou offer for a freewill offering <05071>; but for a vow it shall not be accepted.
- Leviticus 23:38 Beside the sabbaths of the LORD, and beside your gifts, and beside all your vows, and beside all your freewill offerings <05071>, which ye give unto the LORD.
- Numbers 15:3 And will make an offering by fire unto the LORD, a burnt offering, or a sacrifice in performing a vow, or in a freewill offering <05071>, or in your solemn feasts, to make a sweet savour unto the LORD, of the herd, or of the flock:
- Numbers 29:39 These things ye shall do unto the LORD in your set feasts, beside your vows, and your freewill offerings <05071>, for your burnt offerings, and for your meat offerings, and for your drink offerings, and for your peace offerings.
- Deuteronomy 12:6 And thither ye shall bring your burnt offerings, and your sacrifices, and your tithes, and heave offerings of your hand, and your vows, and your freewill offerings <05071>, and the firstlings of your herds and of your flocks:
- Deuteronomy 12:17 Thou mayest not eat within thy gates the tithe of thy corn, or of thy wine, or of thy oil, or the firstlings of thy herds or of thy flock, nor any of thy vows which thou vowest, nor thy freewill offerings <05071>, or heave offering of thine hand:
- Deuteronomy 16:10 And thou shalt keep the feast of weeks unto the LORD thy God with a tribute of a freewill offering <05071> of thine hand, which thou shalt give unto the LORD thy God, according as the LORD thy God hath blessed thee:
- Deuteronomy 23:23 That which is gone out of thy lips thou shalt keep and perform; even a freewill offering <05071>, according as thou hast vowed unto the LORD thy God, which thou hast promised with thy mouth.
- 2 Chronicles 31:14 And Kore the son of Imnah the Levite, the porter toward the east, was over the freewill offerings <05071> of God, to distribute the oblations of the LORD, and the most holy things.
- 2 Chronicles 35:8 And his princes gave willingly <05071> unto the people, to the priests, and to the Levites: Hilkiah and Zechariah and Jehiel, rulers of the house of God, gave unto the priests for the passover offerings two thousand and six hundred small cattle, and three hundred oxen.
- Ezra 1:4 And whosoever remaineth in any place where he sojourneth, let the men of his place help him with silver, and with gold, and with goods, and with beasts, beside the freewill offering <05071> for the house of God that is in Jerusalem.
- Ezra 3:5 And afterward offered the continual burnt offering, both of the new moons, and of all the set feasts of the LORD that were consecrated, and of every one that willingly offered a freewill offering <05071> unto the LORD.
- Ezra 8:28 And I said unto them, Ye are holy unto the LORD; the vessels are holy also; and the silver and the gold are a freewill offering <05071> unto the LORD God of your fathers.
- Psalms 54:6 I will freely <05071> sacrifice unto thee: I will praise thy name, O LORD; for it is good.
- Psalms 68:9 Thou, O God, didst send a plentiful <05071> rain, whereby thou didst confirm thine inheritance, when it was weary.
- Psalms 110:3 Thy people shall be willing <05071> in the day of thy power, in the beauties of holiness from the womb of the morning: thou hast the dew of thy youth.
- Psalms 119:108 Accept, I beseech thee, the freewill offerings <05071> of my mouth, O LORD, and teach me thy judgments.
- Ezekiel 46:12 Now when the prince shall prepare a voluntary <05071> burnt offering or peace offerings voluntarily <05071> unto the LORD, one shall then open him the gate that looketh toward the east, and he shall prepare his burnt offering and his peace offerings, as he did on the sabbath day: then he shall go forth; and after his going forth one shall shut the gate.
- Hosea 14:4 I will heal their backsliding, I will love them freely <05071>: for mine anger is turned away from him.
- Amos 4:5 And offer a sacrifice of thanksgiving with leaven, and proclaim and publish the free offerings <05071>: for this liketh you, O ye children of Israel, saith the Lord GOD.
- Exodus 25:2 Speak unto the children of Israel, that they bring me an offering: of every man that giveth it willingly <05068> with his heart ye shall take my offering.
- Exodus 35:21 And they came, every one whose heart stirred him up, and every one whom his spirit made willing <05068>, and they brought the LORD’S offering to the work of the tabernacle of the congregation, and for all his service, and for the holy garments.
- Exodus 35:29 The children of Israel brought a willing offering unto the LORD, every man and woman, whose heart made them willing <05068> to bring for all manner of work, which the LORD had commanded to be made by the hand of Moses.
- Judges 5:2 Praise ye the LORD for the avenging of Israel, when the people willingly offered <05068> themselves.
- Judges 5:9 My heart is toward the governors of Israel, that offered themselves willingly <05068> among the people. Bless ye the LORD.
- 1 Chronicles 29:5 The gold for things of gold, and the silver for things of silver, and for all manner of work to be made by the hands of artificers. And who then is willing <05068> to consecrate his service this day unto the LORD?
- 1 Chronicles 29:6 Then the chief of the fathers and princes of the tribes of Israel, and the captains of thousands and of hundreds, with the rulers of the king’s work, offered willingly <05068>,
- 1 Chronicles 29:9 Then the people rejoiced, for that they offered willingly <05068>, because with perfect heart they offered willingly <05068> to the LORD: and David the king also rejoiced with great joy.
- 1 Chronicles 29:14 But who am I, and what is my people, that we should be able to offer so willingly <05068> after this sort? for all things come of thee, and of thine own have we given thee.
- 1 Chronicles 29:17 I know also, my God, that thou triest the heart, and hast pleasure in uprightness. As for me, in the uprightness of mine heart I have willingly offered <05068> all these things: and now have I seen with joy thy people, which are present here, to offer willingly <05068> unto thee.
- 2 Chronicles 17:16 And next him was Amasiah the son of Zichri, who willingly offered <05068> himself unto the LORD; and with him two hundred thousand mighty men of valour.
- Ezra 1:6 And all they that were about them strengthened their hands with vessels of silver, with gold, with goods, and with beasts, and with precious things, beside all that was willingly offered <05068>.
- Ezra 2:68 And some of the chief of the fathers, when they came to the house of the LORD which is at Jerusalem, offered freely <05068> for the house of God to set it up in his place:
- Ezra 3:5 And afterward offered the continual burnt offering, both of the new moons, and of all the set feasts of the LORD that were consecrated, and of every one that willingly offered <05068> a freewill offering unto the LORD.
- Nehemiah 11:2 And the people blessed all the men, that willingly offered <05068> themselves to dwell at Jerusalem.
- 05069 ^בדנ^ nᵉdab (Aramaic) \@ned-ab’\@ corresponding to 05068; v; AV-freely offered 1, freewill offering 1, offering willingly 1, minded of their own freewill 1; 4
- 1) to volunteer, offer freely
- 1a) (Ithpael)
- 1a1) to volunteer
- 1a2) to give freely, offer freely
- 1) to volunteer, offer freely
- Ezra 7:13 I make a decree, that all they of the people of Israel, and of his priests and Levites, in my realm, which are minded of their own freewill <05069> to go up to Jerusalem, go with thee. Ezra 7:15 And to carry the silver and gold, which the king and his counsellors have freely offered <05069> unto the God of Israel, whose habitation is in Jerusalem, Ezra 7:16 And all the silver and gold that thou canst find in all the province of Babylon, with the freewill offering <05069> of the people, and of the priests, offering willingly <05069> for the house of their God which is in Jerusalem:
- 05070 ^בדנ^ Nadab \@naw-dawb’\@ from 05068; ; n pr m AV-Nadab 20; 20 Nadab= "generous"
- 1) eldest son of Aaron by Elisheba; struck dead before the sanctuary in the wilderness for kindling the censers with strange fire
- 2) son of king Jeroboam I of the northern kingdom of Israel and king of Israel for 2 years before being slain by Baasha
- 3) a Jerahmeelite, son of Shammai, of the tribe of Judah
- 4) a son of Gibeon of the tribe of Benjamin
- 04503 ^החנמ^ minchah \@min-khaw’\@ from an unused root meaning to apportion, i.e. bestow; n f; AV-offering 164, present 28, gift 7, oblation 6, sacrifice 5, meat 1; 211
- 1) gift, tribute, offering, present, oblation, sacrifice, meat offering
- 1a) gift, present
- 1b) tribute
- 1c) offering (to God)
- 1d) grain offering
- 1) gift, tribute, offering, present, oblation, sacrifice, meat offering
- 04504 ^החנמ^ minchah (Aramaic) \@min-khaw’\@ corresponding to 04503; n f; AV-meat offering 1, oblation 1; 2 1) gift, offering 1a) oblation, offering (to God through representative) 1b) meal offering
- 08641 ^המורת^ tᵉruwmah \@ter-oo-maw’\@ or ^המרת^ tᵉrumah (#De 12:11) \@ter-oo-maw’\@ from 07311; n f; AV-offering 51, oblation 19, heave 4, gifts 1, offered 1; 76 1) contribution, offering 1a) a heave offering 1b) any offering 1c) an offering to God 1d) an offering (of grain, money, etc) 1e) contribution
- 08573 ^הפונת^ tᵉnuwphah \@ten-oo-faw’\@ from 05130; n f; AV-wave offering 14, wave 8, offering 6, shaking 2; 30 1) swinging, waving, wave offering, offering 1a) a swinging, brandishing 1a1) of God’s hand, weapons 1b) waving, wave-offering (technical term of sacrifice) 1c) offering (of gold or brass)
- 07133 ^ןברק^ qorban \@kor-bawn’\@ or ^ןברק^ qurban \@koor-bawn’\@ from 07126, Greek 2878 ~κορβαν~; n m; AV-offering 68, oblation 12, offered 1, sacrifice 1; 82 1) offering, oblation
- 07126 ^ברק^ qarab \@kaw-rab’\@ a primitive root; v; AV-offer 95, (come, draw, … ) near 58, bring 58, (come, draw, … ) nigh 18, come 12, approach 10, at hand 4, presented 2, misc 13; 280 1) to come near, approach, enter into, draw near 1a) (Qal) to approach, draw near 1b) (Niphal) to be brought near 1c) (Piel) to cause to approach, bring near, cause to draw near 1d) (Hiphil) to bring near, bring, present
- 05930 ^הלע^ ‘olah \@o-law’\@ or ^הלוע^ ‘owlah \@o-law’\@ f act part of 05927; n f; AV-burnt offering 264, burnt sacrifice 21, ascent 1, go up 1; 289 1) whole burnt offering 2) ascent, stairway, steps
- 05927 ^הלע^ ‘alah \@aw-law’\@ a primitive root; v; AV-(come, etc … ) up 676, offer 67, come 22, bring 18, ascend 15, go 12, chew 9, offering 8, light 6, increase 4, burn 3, depart 3, put 3, spring 2, raised 2, arose 2, break 2, exalted 2, misc 33; 889 1) to go up, ascend, climb... visit, follow, depart,... go up over, rise (of natural phenomenon)... to be taken up, be brought up, be taken away... to bring up, cause to ascend or climb, cause to go up...
- 05262 ^ךסנ^ necek \@neh’- sek\@ or ^ךסנ^ necek \@nay’- sek\@ from 05258; n m; AV-offering 59, image 4, cover withal 1; 64 1) drink offering, libation, molten image, something poured out 1a) drink offering 1b) molten images
- 05258 ךסנ nacak naw-sak’ a primitive root; v; AV-pour out 12, pour 4, cover 3, offer 2, melteth 1, molten 1, set 1, set up 1; 25 1) to pour out, pour, offer, cast
- 08002 ^םלשׁ^ shelem \@sheh’- lem\@ from 07999; n m; AV-peace offerings 81, peace 6; 87 1) peace offering, requital, sacrifice for alliance or friendship 1a) voluntary sacrifice of thanks
- "A Historical and Critical Commentary on the Old Testament, Book of Leviticus," part i., pp. 241-249, London, 1867
- 02403 ^האטח^ chatta’ah \@khat-taw-aw’\@ or ^תאטח^ chatta’th \@khat-tawth’\@ from 02398; n f; AV-sin 182, sin offering 116, punishment 3, purification for sin 2, purifying 1, sinful 1, sinner 1; 296 1) sin, sinful 2) sin, sin offering 2a) sin 2b) condition of sin, guilt of sin 2c) punishment for sin 2d) sin-offering 2e) purification from sins of ceremonial uncleanness
- 0801 ^השׁא^ ‘ishshah \@ish-shaw’\@ the same as 0800, but used in a liturgical sense; n m; AV-offering … by fire 65; 65 1) burnt-offering, offering made by fire, fire offering
- 02076 ^חבז^ zabach \@zaw-bakh’\@ a primitive root; v; AV-sacrifice 85, offer 39, kill 5, slay 5; 134 1) to slaughter, kill, sacrifice, slaughter for sacrifice 1a) (Qal) 1a1) to slaughter for sacrifice 1a2) to slaughter for eating 1a3) to slaughter in divine judgment 1b) (Piel) to sacrifice, offer sacrifice
- 02403 ^האטח^ ChetTetAlefHey chatta’ah \@khat-taw-aw’\@ or ^תאטח^ chatta’th \@khat-tawth’\@ from 02398; n f; AV-sin 182, sin offering 116, punishment 3, purification for sin 2, purifying 1, sinful 1, sinner 1; 296
- 1) sin, sinful
- 2) sin, sin offering
- 2a) sin
- 2b) condition of sin, guilt of sin
- 2c) punishment for sin
- 2d) sin-offering
- 2e) purification from sins of ceremonial uncleanness
- 08002 ^םלשׁ^ shelem \@sheh’- lem\@ from 07999; n m; AV-peace offerings 81, peace 6; 87
- 1) peace offering, requital, sacrifice for alliance or friendship
- 1a) voluntary sacrifice of thanks
- 1) peace offering, requital, sacrifice for alliance or friendship