The qualified State
People commonly think of the State to include a system where authority is exercised one over the other either through kings, ruling elites, elected individuals or groups or even by the majority itself as we see in a democracy.
Whenever anyone uses a term like "state", "State", "STATE" or even "statist" they should qualify the sense in which they are using the term because it is so abused and misused. Some states, governments or nations in history have had no rulers, no imposed taxation, no legislated laws yet they functioned as a nation with some form of self-government and even public servants.
In such rare cases, the people lived in a virtual state of freedom and as long as they did not infringe upon the natural right of others they lived in a state of natural liberty.
This usually required an equal and regular but voluntary sacrifice of some personal freedom, liberty and even property in a practical praxeology for the care and maintenance of their neighbor's life, rights and freedom. In other words, these free states could only expect to continue to exist among a people who were willing to care about their neighbor's rights to life, liberty, and property as much as they cared about their own.
A Statist is an advocate of a political system in which the state has substantial centralized control over social and economic affairs.
In political science, statism is the belief that the state should control either economic or social policy, or both, to some degree.
Statism would normally include "substantial centralized control" yet some think it can take many forms from minarchism to totalitarianism. Minarchists prefer a minimal state such as a night-watchman state to protect people from aggression, theft, breach of contract, and fraud with military, police, and courts.
The key difference is what does the word "state" include and how is it being used?
State as a noun
The word state may only be "the particular condition that someone or something is in at a specific time."
In that sense, synonyms would only include condition, shape, situation, circumstances, position...
But the state may also be "a nation or territory considered as an organized political community under one government.
Such as "Germany, Italy, and other European states" or it might include early Israel where there was no king or even the Kingdom of God spoken of by Jesus and John the Baptist. When there was no king "every man did that which was right in his own eyes". When Jesus as king of Judea appointed the ministers of His government they were commanded to not exercise authority one over the other like the governments who had "rulers".
Synonyms would include country, nation, land, sovereign state, nation state, kingdom, realm, power, republic, confederation, federation
The phrase "an autonomous state" could many any of those forms of government including one where all the power of the State rested not in a central ruler or class nor in the people as a collective like a democracy but actually in all the people individually where the people remained in a "state of nature". In the latter there would be no "centralized control".
As an adjective, a state would include that which is of, provided by, or concerned with the civil government of a country.
If there was no centralization it would mean that all member of the general society would have to care about their neighbor and their rights as much as they care about their own. Centralizing the care or responsibility of or the concern for civil government if everyone was diligent in the pursuit of the weightier matters of justice and mercy for all of society.
Bouvier's 1856 dictionary defines “STATE, government. This word is used in various senses.”
Bouvier expands his definition of State by saying “In its most enlarged sense, it signifies a self-sufficient body of persons united together in one community for the defence of their rights, and to do right and justice to foreigners. In this sense, the state means the whole people united into one body politic; (q. v.) and the state, and the people of the state, are equivalent expressions. 1 Pet. Cond. Rep. 37 to 39; 3 Dall. 93; 2 Dall. 425; 2 Wilson's Lect. 120; Dane's Appx. §50, p. 63 1 Story, Const. §361.”
Bouvier separately defines “STATE, condition of persons. This word has various acceptations. If we inquire into its origin, it will be found to come from the Latin status, which is derived from the verb stare, sto, whence has been made statio, which signifies the place where a person is located, stat, to fulfil the obligations which are imposed upon him.
- 2. State is that quality which belongs to a person in society, and which secures to, and imposes upon him different rights and duties in consequence of the difference of that quality.
- 3. Although all men come from the hands of nature upon an equality, yet there are among them marked differences. It is from nature that come the distinctions of the sexes, fathers and children, of age and youth, &c.
- 4. The civil or municipal laws of each people, have added to these natural qualities, distinctions which are purely civil and arbitrary, founded on the manners of the people, or in the will of the legislature. Such are the differences, which these laws have established between citizens and aliens, between magistrates and subjects, and between freemen and slaves; and those which exist in some countries between nobles and plebeians, which differences are either unknown or contrary to natural law.
- 5. Although these latter distinctions are more particularly subject to the civil or municipal law, because to it they owe their origin, it nevertheless extends its authority over the natural qualities, not to destroy or to weaken them, but to confirm them and to render them more inviolable by positive rules and by certain maxims. This union of the civil or municipal and natural law, form among men a third species of differences which may be called mixed, because they participate of both, and derive their principles from nature and the perfection of the law; for example, infancy or the privileges which belong to it, have their foundation in natural law; but the age and the term of these prerogatives are determined by the civil or municipal law.
- 6. Three sorts of different qualities which form the state or condition of men may then be distinguished: those which are purely natural, those purely civil, and those which are composed of the natural and civil or municipal law. Vide 3 Bl. Com. 396; 1 Toull. n. 170, 171; Civil State.”
Just as there are different kinds of Civil rights there are also different kinds of state rights. All the power of the State to exercise authority over the individual originated in the original individual. The State did not create man but man created the State.
The first man is created by God so "man" in his natural state is a free soul under God but rights are inherited and every man today is a creation of the family. Both Liberty and bondage are inheritable statuses. The first city States were established by Cain and Nimrod.
Centralizing the power of the State also produces the danger of abuse of that power because "power corrupts" and the greater the power in the government of the State the greater the corruption to follow. We see this in the Pharoahs and Caesars of the world. But the power of the state to rule over the people is based on the law of the Father or Patronus.
We can debate the process by which that natural "power of choice" is moved from the individual to the collective state but essentially it is the result of consent. That consent produces what is called a social compact based in the principles of natural law.
- He who receives the benefit should also bear the disadvantage.
- Cujus est commodum ejus debet esse incommodum.
- No one is obliged to accept a benefit against his consent.
- Invito beneficium non datur. Dig. 50, 17, 69.
- But if he does not dissent he will be considered as assenting. Vide Assent.
- He who derives a benefit from a thing, ought to feel the disadvantages attending it.
- Que sentit commodum, sentire debet et onus.2 Bouv. Inst. n. 1433.
- He who is silent appears to consent. Jenk. Cent. 32.
- Qui tacet consentire videtur.
The power of the State increases with our dependence upon it. To erode the power of the State is the reverse of dependence upon it. To return to the natural state of liberty has more to do with taking back individual responsibility than throwing off the real and imagined oppression of the State.
The corruption of the State is as much the fault of the sloth and avarice of the individual who has looked to the State for its gifts, gratuities and benefits or simply has been slothful in their natural responsibilities.
Taking back your responsibilities for yourself, your family and others within society will take you farther down the road to freedom than cursing the authority of the State and rebelling against it. That means gathering in free assemblies and less dependence upon the State.
People would have to seek out private or homeschooling, no application for public welfare or subsidies, every family is responsible for the care of their parents, not Social Security administrations. When the family was unable to meet the challenge the people would gather in those free assemblies which would take up the slack through a network of charity.
Governments often try to reign in the power of the State by a division of power but there is no greater division of power than the individual family among virtuous people who seek righteousness above personal comfort or gain. This is why the spirit of Jubile was to return every man to his possessions and to his family.
This was the goal of Abraham's altars of clay and stone and Moses command to love thy neighbor as thyself in networks of Tens. John the Baptist, Jesus the Christ and the early Church were no different in their approach to The Way to the Kingdom of God and His righteousness, The Way to liberty under God instead of bondage under the gods many of the world and the Fathers of the earth.
Beware of gifts
- "Have ye not known? have ye not heard? hath it not been told you from the beginning? have ye not understood from the foundations of the earth?" Isaiah 40:21
There are gifts of God and man.
- Plutarch said “The real destroyers of the liberties of the people is he who spreads among them bounties, donations and benefits.”
But Proverbs 19:6 tells us the same thing, "Many will intreat the favour of the prince: and every man [is] a friend to him that giveth gifts."
- Polybius said "The masses continue with an appetite for benefits and the habit of receiving them by way of a rule of force and violence. The people, having grown accustomed to feed at the expense of others and to depend for their livelihood on the property of others... institute the rule of violence; and now uniting their forces massacre, banish, and plunder, until they degenerate again into perfect savages and find once more a master and monarch."
This rule of violence and plunder is the same we hear about in Matthew 11:12 "And from the days of John the Baptist until now the kingdom of heaven suffereth violence, and the violent take it by force." and in Luke 16:16 "The law and the prophets [were] until John: since that time the kingdom of God is preached, and every man presseth into it." The Repentance associated with the act of Baptism was turning away from these Covetous systems of the Welfare of the World and going back to The Way of Fervent Charity with the Eucharist of Christ.
"He that is greedy of gain troubleth his own house; but he that hateth gifts shall live." Proverbs 15:27
The Paul the Apostle wrote to a number of Early Christian communities in Galatia, "For, brethren, ye have been called unto liberty; only use not liberty for an occasion to the flesh, but by love serve one another. For all the law is fulfilled in one word, even in this; Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. But if ye bite and devour one another, take heed that ye be not consumed one of another." Galatians 5:13-15
When Paul writes in 1 Corinthians 8:9 "But take heed lest by any means this liberty of yours become a stumblingblock to them that are weak." the word "liberty" is the same word Paul uses in Romans 13.
Have we lost that liberty granted by God by neglecting our natural and moral responsibility that is correlative to those God given rights?
Eyes full of adultery
Peter made it clear in 2 Peter 2:3, "And through covetousness shall they with feigned words make merchandise of you: whose judgment now of a long time lingereth not, and their damnation slumbereth not."
Peter not only warned us that desiring benefits at the expense of others would make us human resources what he calls merchandise but he warned us in 2 Peter 2:14 about those covetous practices entangling them back in the yoke of bondage and cursing our children:
- "Having eyes full of adultery, and that cannot cease from sin; beguiling unstable souls: an heart they have exercised with covetous practices; cursed children:" 2 Peter 2:14
This stumblingblock was that we would learn to eat at tables set with the bounty of the compelled sacrifices of institutions made by men who called themselves Benefactors that ruled over the people with and exercising authority and is explained in Revelation 2:14 "But I have a few things against thee, because thou hast there them that hold the doctrine of Balaam, who taught Balac to cast a stumblingblock before the children of Israel, to eat things sacrificed unto idols, and to commit fornication."
Proverbs 23 warns us about the table of men who exercise authority one over the other "When thou sittest to eat with a ruler, consider diligently what [is] before thee: And put a knife to thy throat, if thou be a man given to appetite. Be not desirous of his dainties: for they are deceitful meat."
What are these benefits today?
Those benefits include everything from Public Schools to Electronic Benefit Transfer (EBT) cards which is an electronic system that allows state welfare departments to issue benefits via a magnetically encoded payment card, used in the United States and the United Kingdom like Rome did with their Tesserae of the Beast of Revelation?
We were told by God in Exodus 20:17 "Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour’s house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbour’s wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbour’s."
Jesus warned us of the evil of covetousness and where it comes from in Mark 7:20-23, "...That which cometh out of the man, that defileth the man. For from within, out of the heart of men, proceed evil thoughts, adulteries, fornications, murders, Thefts, covetousness, wickedness, deceit, lasciviousness, an evil eye, blasphemy, pride, foolishness: All these evil things come from within, and defile the man."
These are the things he called us to repent of in Matthew 4:17 when he first "... began to preach, and to say, Repent: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand." and in Mark 1:15 when He said "... The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand: repent ye, and believe the gospel." but warned us in Luke 13:3 that "... except ye repent, ye shall all likewise perish."
Jesus told us not to look to Benefactors who exercise authority one over the other.
He told us not to pray to Fathers of the earth but only our Father who is in Heaven.
He told us to keep the commandments including the one about not coveting anything that is our neighbors if we want Eternal life. And when 1 John 2 talked about the "propitiation for our sins", he reminded us that "... hereby we do know that we know him, if we keep his commandments. He that saith, I know him, and keepeth not his commandments, is a liar, and the truth is not in him. But whoso keepeth his word, in him verily is the love of God perfected: hereby know we that we are in him. He that saith he abideth in him ought himself also so to walk, even as he walked."
Real Christians would not desire the benefits of men who call themselves Benefactors nor pray to the Fathers of the earth like Modern Christians do. They would be led to gather together in a living Network that provided a Daily ministration of Charity for one another according to the Perfect law of liberty. They would strive to keep His commandments by being Doers of His word in a Living Network of Love.
Israel in the Bondage of Egypt were literally employed by the Pharaoh who provided free bread like the Romans in the form of Public Welfare which was Public religion. They had to pay their tale of bricks to the Pharaoh but learn to gleen in the field at night to obtain their benefits. This is why God hardened the heart of the Pharaoh during the plagues so they could learn The Way of God. So it was not enough to stop taking the benefits but they needed to learn to provide them by faith, hope and charity through a system of Corban that made the word of God to effect.
Jesus said nothing different to the early Church. When he said give to Caesar what is Caesar and to God what is God's he was saying pay your tale of bricks. He even warned to be friends with the unrighteous Mammon explaining that it would fail. Those who cheat one master you will likely cheat the next.
We are in bondage because of Covetous Practices and Slothfulness. We are devoured because we or our natural parents took bites out of one another in these Covetous Practices which made us a Surety for debt in an unrighteous Mammon... We must Repent and seek the Kingdom of God and His Righteousness.
- Where and what is true Christian fellowship?
- Where and what is the true Eucharist of Christ?
- Where and what is the Living Network of the faithful?
- Where and what is the Communion of Saints?
- Where and how do the people practice Pure Religion?
- Where and who are the people that attend to the Weightier matters?
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- Praxeology is the science of human action. The term was coined and defined as "The science of human action" in 1890 by Alfred Espinas in the Revue Philosophique, but the most common use of the term is in connection with the work of Ludwig von Mises and the Austrian School of economics.
- “The real destroyers of the liberties of the people is he who spreads among them bounties, donations and benefits.” Plutarch.
- Exodus 20:12 ¶ Honour thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee.
- Matthew 15:4 For God commanded, saying, Honour thy father and mother: and, He that curseth father or mother, let him die the death.
- Matthew 19:19 Honour thy father and thy mother: and, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.
- Mark 7:10 For Moses said, Honour thy father and thy mother; and, Whoso curseth father or mother, let him die the death:
- Mark 10:19 Thou knowest the commandments, Do not commit adultery, Do not kill, Do not steal, Do not bear false witness, Defraud not, Honour thy father and mother.
- Luke 18:20 Thou knowest the commandments, Do not commit adultery, Do not kill, Do not steal, Do not bear false witness, Honour thy father and thy mother.
- Ephesians 6:2 Honour thy father and mother; (which is the first commandment with promise;)
- Leviticus 25:10 And ye shall hallow the fiftieth year, and proclaim liberty throughout all the land unto all the inhabitants thereof: it shall be a jubile unto you; and ye shall return every man unto his possession, and ye shall return every man unto his family.
- Leviticus 25:41 And then shall he depart from thee, both he and his children with him, and shall return unto his own family, and unto the possession of his fathers shall he return.
- Samuel Adams, Our Sacred Honor, Bennett, 217, 1779 - letter to James Warren.
- Isaiah 1:23 Thy princes [are] rebellious, and companions of thieves: every one loveth gifts, and followeth after rewards: they judge not the fatherless, neither doth the cause of the widow come unto them.
- Psalms 33:10 The LORD bringeth the counsel of the heathen to nought: he maketh the devices of the people of none effect.
- Matthew 15:6 And honour not his father or his mother, he shall be free. Thus have ye made the commandment of God of none effect by your tradition.
- Mark 7:13 Making the word of God of none effect through your tradition, which ye have delivered: and many such like things do ye.
- Isaiah 40:23 That bringeth the princes to nothing; he maketh the judges of the earth as vanity.
- Ephesians 4:8 Wherefore he saith, When he ascended up on high, he led captivity captive, and gave gifts unto men....Ephesians 4:11 And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers; 12 For the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for the edifying of the body of Christ:
- Isaiah 40:27 "Why sayest thou, O Jacob, and speakest, O Israel, My way is hid from the LORD, and my judgment is passed over from my God? 28 Hast thou not known? hast thou not heard, that the everlasting God, the LORD, the Creator of the ends of the earth, fainteth not, neither is weary? there is no searching of his understanding. 29 He giveth power to the faint; and to them that have no might he increaseth strength."
- We have an altar, whereof they have no right <exousia> to eat which serve the tabernacle.
- Blessed are they that do his commandments, that they may have right <exousia> to the tree of life, and may enter in through the gates into the city.
- Luke 16:9 And I say unto you, Make to yourselves friends of the mammon of unrighteousness; that, when ye fail, they may receive you into everlasting habitations.