"That the man who first ruined the Roman people twas he who first gave them treats and gratuities" Plutarch's Life of Coriolanus (c. 100 AD.)
Plutarch  later named, on his becoming a Roman citizen, Lucius Mestrius Plutarchus (c. 46 – 120 AD), was a Greek historian, biographer, and essayist, known primarily for his Parallel Lives and Moralia.
“The real destroyers of the liberties of the people is he who spreads among them bounties, donations, and benefits.” Plutarch
How is this done?
"When thou sittest to eat with a ruler, consider diligently what [is] before thee:" Proverbs 23:1
Many people like to say that the United States is not a Democracy but a Constitutional Republic but few of the people actually take an objective look at this idea and fewer understand the personal responsibilities you must accept to manage to maintain a pure Republic and what that really means.
The construction of the United States federal government by the terms of the constitution and other subsequent acts is that of an indirect democracy. The president has all the power of the Imperial Emperors of Rome. That President is elected by an electoral college and his office has grown exponentially in power because the people have become increasingly dependant upon the State as their conscripted fathers.
The Constitution of the United States was created to "guarantee to every state in this union a republican form of government, and shall protect each of them against invasion". Article IV Section 4 of the Constitution. The States were Republics but you are no longer citizens of your states. You are residents of your states and citizens of the United States Federal indirect democracy. Most of your rights have been curtailed or encumbered by obligations because you decided to eat at a federal table of welfare benefits which are provided by the employment of your neighbor and future generations through debt.
The problem goes much deeper than our lack of understanding of terms like Republic and Democracy, Citizen or Employ. We have become a society where we are Biting one another in a thousand ways to obtain those Benefits at the expense of our neighbor through the Benefactors of a World we created with our own hands. It is through these Covetous Practices that we have lost access to the enjoyment of our rights and become little more than Merchandise or pawns in a world scheme of control. The table of civil benefits provided by men who exercise authority one over the other which should have been for our welfare has become a snare. We have been devoured by our own appetite and through Covetousness.
Many warned of these practices from Polybius to John the Baptist and the Prophets and Apostles of Christ himself. While some today may try to avoid the benefits in order to claim their freedom they do little to become benefactors of society who exercise Charity like some nations and people of the past. They remain Slothful and therefore should be under Tribute.
The early Christians were not like Modern Christians but actually were striving to follow what Christ said to do. They were Doers of the word. They did not depend on the Pagan Temples which provided many of the services of that pagan government of Rome. They provided for one another in a living network and attended to the Weightier matters of the law, judgment, mercy, and faith which include caring for the needs of our neighbors and the widows and orphans of our society through Pure Religion in matters of health, education, and welfare. We are NOT to provide for the needy of society through the Covetous Practices and the men who call themselves benefactorsbut who exercise authority one over the other like the socialists do.
The Way of Christ was like neither the way of the world of Rome nor the governments of the gentiles who depend on those fathers of the earth through force, fear and fealty who deliver the people back in bondage again like they were in Egypt. Christ's ministers and true Christians do not depend upon systems of social welfare that force the contributions of the people like the corban of the Pharisees which made the word of God to none effect. Many people have been deceived to go the way of Balaam and the Nicolaitan and out of The Way of Christ and have become workers of iniquity.
The Christian conflict with Rome in the first century Church appointed by Christ was because they would not apply to the fathers of the earth for their free bread but instead relied upon a voluntary network providing a daily ministration to the needy of society through Faith, Hope, and Charity by way of freewill offerings of the people, for the people, and by the people through the perfect law of liberty in Free Assemblies according to the ancient pattern of Tuns or Tens as He commanded.
"Follow me!" —Jesus the Christ.
- One of the most important things to do is to become involved in a network of Charitable Practices. Everyone should want to join a Living Network of Love and Charity.
- If you think you have a calling to be a Minister of God or you might want to dedicate your life to Christ as an Ordained Minister of His Holy Church, contact us to start the process of discipleship and become the benefactors who exercise only love, NOT authority.
Plutarch was a Platonist, but was open to the influence of the Peripatetics, and even to Stoicism. He was more interested in moral and religious questions.
Plutarch's writings had an enormous influence on English and French literature. Shakespeare paraphrased parts of Thomas North's translation of selected Lives in his plays, and occasionally quoted from them verbatim.
"To make no mistakes is not in the power of man; but from their errors and mistakes the wise and good learn wisdom for the future." Plutarch
Men like George Santayana
- "Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it." The Life of Reason (1905-1906) Vol. I, Reason in Common Sense
Which have influenced the thinking of others:
- Those who cannot learn from history are doomed to repeat it.
- Those who do not remember their past are condemned to repeat their mistakes.
- Those who do not read history are doomed to repeat it.
To enslave a people you would have to keep the general population from learning their true history.
Learning from History Famous quotations and quotes
When it comes to the possibilities of ' learning from history ' there are doubtless many things we could aspire to learn. Some of those would be more practically useful, in terms of contributing to the normal and decent functioning of well-meaning societies than others.
The following selection of famous quotations and quotes about ' learning from history ' begins with a few quotes in which several persons express some disillusionment about Humanity actually learning from history or the past mistakes of history. The selection soon continues with other quotations where such seriously famous observers as Edmund Burke, David Hume, Immanuel Kant, Ralph Waldo Emerson and Machiavelli present views that very directly suggest that learning deep lessons from history is both possible and desirable.
Our overview of this learning from history may not so much explicitly focus importance on the broader range of past mistakes of history, of which there are many, as learning useful lessons about - The Human Condition.
This can show, through cautionary examples, how past mistakes and serious misjudgements have arisen from time to time disrupting the normal and decent functioning of would-be well-meaning societies.
"Rulers, Statesmen, Nations, are wont to be emphatically commended to the teaching which experience offers in history. But what experience and history teach is this - that people and governments never have learned anything from history, or acted on principles deduced from it. Each period is involved in such peculiar circumstances, exhibits a condition of things so strictly idiosyncratic, that its conduct must be regulated by considerations connected with itself, and itself alone." G. W. F. Hegel
"We learn from history that we learn nothing from history." George Bernard Shaw
Great suffering will come to those who learn history for they will have to stand by helplessly watching those who will not learn from history condemn themselves by making the same mistakes generation after generation.
Thousands of years ago Plutarch told us who to be wary of as the real threat to liberty But instead of avoiding them we elect them at our own peril. All democracies will cut their own throat for want of comfort more than righteousness. Those who believe that the vote will save them are the last to accept the truth they should not have gone through the quicksand of democracy.
Ralph Waldo Emerson and the Transcendentalists were greatly influenced by the Moralia and even Montaigne's Essays draw extensively from it.
"The soul, being eternal, after death is like a caged bird that has been released. If it has been a long time in the body, and has become tame by many affairs and long habit, the soul will immediately take another body and once again become involved in the troubles of the world. The worst thing about old age is that the soul's memory of the other world grows dim, while at the same time its attachment to things of this world becomes so strong that the soul tends to retain the form that it had in the body. But that soul which remains only a short time within a body, until liberated by the higher powers, quickly recovers its fire and goes on to higher things." Plutarch (The Consolation, Moralia)
His soldiers showed such good will and zeal in his service that those who in their previous campaigns had been in no way superior to others were invincible and irresistible in confronting every danger to enhance Caesar's fame. Such a man, for instance, was Acilius, who, in the sea-fight at Massalia, boarded a hostile ship and had his right hand cut off with a sword, but clung with the other hand to his shield, and dashing it into the faces of his foes, routed them all and got possession of the vessel. Such a man, again, was Cassius Scaeva, who, in the battle at Dyrrhachium, had his eye struck out with an arrow, his shoulder transfixed with one javelin and his thigh with another, and received on his shield the blows of one hundred and thirty missiles. In this plight, he called the enemy to him as though he would surrender. Two of them, accordingly, coming up, he lopped off the shoulder of one with his sword, smote the other in the face and put him to flight, and came off safely himself with the aid of his comrades. Again, in Britain, when the enemy had fallen upon the foremost centurions, who had plunged into a watery marsh, a soldier, while Caesar in person was watching the battle, dashed into the midst of the fight, displayed many conspicuous deeds of daring, and rescued the centurions, after the Barbarians had been routed. Then he himself, making his way with difficulty after all the rest, plunged into the muddy current, and at last, without his shield, partly swimming and partly wading, got across. Caesar and his company were amazed and came to meet the soldier with cries of joy; but he, in great dejection, and with a burst of tears, cast himself at Caesar's feet, begging pardon for the loss of his shield. Again, in Africa, Scipio captured a ship of Caesar's in which Granius Petro, who had been appointed quaestor, was sailing. Of the rest of the passengers Scipio made booty, but told the quaestor that he offered him his life. Granius, however, remarking that it was the custom with Caesar's soldiers not to receive but to offer mercy, killed himself with a blow of his sword.
Life of Caesar, XVI
"It is not histories I am writing, but lives; and in the most glorious deeds there is not always an indication of virtue or vice, indeed a small thing like a phrase or a jest often makes a greater revelation of a character than battles where thousands die." Plutarch (Life of Alexander/Life of Julius Caesar, Parallel Lives, [tr. E.L. Bowie])
I don't need a friend who changes when I change and who nods when I nod; my shadow does that much better. Plutarch
The mind is not a vessel to be filled but a fire to be kindled. Plutarch
An imbalance between rich and poor is the oldest and most fatal ailment of all republics. Plutarch
Painting is silent poetry, and poetry is painting that speaks. Plutarch
The real destroyer of the liberties of the people is he who spreads among them bounties, donations and benefits. Plutarch
We ought not to treat living creatures like shoes or household belongings, which when worn with use we throw away. Plutarch
To make no mistakes is not in the power of man; but from their errors and mistakes the wise and good learn wisdom for the future. Plutarch
Do not speak of your happiness to one less fortunate than yourself. Plutarch
Know how to listen, and you will profit even from those who talk badly. Plutarch
It is part of a good man to do great and noble deeds, though he risk everything. Plutarch
Character is long-standing habit. Plutarch
In words are seen the state of mind and character and disposition of the speaker. Plutarch
Fate leads him who follows it, and drags him who resist. Plutarch
The very spring and root of honesty and virtue lie in good education. Plutarch
I would rather excel in the knowledge of what is excellent, than in the extent of my power and possessions. Plutarch
To find fault is easy; to do better may be difficult. Plutarch
Prosperity is no just scale; adversity is the only balance to weigh friends. Plutarch
A few vices are sufficient to darken many virtues. Plutarch
Silence at the proper season is wisdom, and better than any speech. Plutarch
The wildest colts make the best horses. Plutarch
Neither blame or praise yourself. Plutarch
Courage consists not in hazarding without fear; but being resolutely minded in a just cause. Plutarch
Let us carefully observe those good qualities wherein our enemies excel us; and endeavor to excel them, by avoiding what is faulty, and imitating what is excellent in them. Plutarch
Medicine to produce health must examine disease; and music, to create harmony must investigate discord. Plutarch
For to err in opinion, though it be not the part of wise men, is at least human. Plutarch
It were better to have no opinion of God at all than such a one as is unworthy of him; for the one is only belief - the other contempt. Plutarch
The omission of good is no less reprehensible than the commission of evil. Plutarch
Immoral as well as "Moral habits, induced by public practices, are far quicker in making their way into men's private lives, than the failings and faults of individuals are in infecting the city at large." Plutarch
If I were not Alexander, I would be Diogenes. Plutarch
The omission of good is no less reprehensible than the commission of evil. Plutarch
It is indeed a desirable thing to be well-descended, but the glory belongs to our ancestors. Plutarch
No man ever wetted clay and then left it, as if there would be bricks by chance and fortune. Plutarch
To be ignorant of the lives of the most celebrated men of antiquity is to continue in a state of childhood all our days. Plutarch
All men whilst they are awake are in one common world: but each of them, when he is asleep, is in a world of his own. Plutarch
Character is simply habit long continued. Plutarch
Those who aim at great deeds must also suffer greatly. Plutarch
When the strong box contains no more both friends and flatterers shun the door. Plutarch
Courage stands halfway between cowardice and rashness, one of which is a lack, the other an excess of courage. Plutarch
Nothing is harder to direct than a man in prosperity; nothing more easily managed that one is adversity. Plutarch
Perseverance is more prevailing than violence; and many things which cannot be overcome when they are together, yield themselves up when taken little by little. Plutarch
Moral habits, induced by public practices, are far quicker in making their way into men's private lives, than the failings and faults of individuals are in infecting the city at large. Plutarch
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- Greek: Πλούταρχος, Ploútarkhos, Koine Greek: [plǔːtarkʰos];
- (Λούκιος Μέστριος Πλούταρχος);
- Matthew 20:25-26 But Jesus called them unto him, and said, Ye know that the princes of the Gentiles exercise dominion over them, and they that are great exercise authority upon them. But it shall not be so among you: but whosoever will be great among you, let him be your minister;
Mark 10:42-43 But Jesus called them to him, and saith unto them, Ye know that they which are accounted to rule over the Gentiles exercise lordship over them; and their great ones exercise authority upon them. But so shall it not be among you: but whosoever will be great among you, shall be your minister:
Luke 22:25-26 And he said unto them, The kings of the Gentiles exercise lordship over them; and they that exercise authority upon them are called benefactors. But ye shall not be so: but he that is greatest among you, let him be as the younger; and he that is chief, as he that doth serve.
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