2 Peter

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2 Peter warns us without a progression of faith men become blind, despise dominion and through covetous practices, become human resources, curse children and are entangled again in the elements of the world.

The Second Epistles of Peter the Apostle

2 Peter 1

Download Recording of study of 2 Peter 1 and 2

Comments 2 Peter 1
Peter calls himself "a servant and an apostle of Jesus Christ". The word servant is from the Greek doulos meaning "a slave, bondman, man of servile condition"[1] Like the Levites he belonged to God.
Early Christians were partakers of the divine nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world?
The phrase "through the knowledge of him" has to do with faith in Christ. Many claim that faith but Christ tells us many will say they come in His name but he never knew them.[2]
Peter's progression is from faith to virtue[3] and from that virtue which is action we may come to knowledge[4]and from knowledge to temperance[5] and from temperance to patience[6] and from patience to godliness.[7]...
If we are diligent[8] for Christ said we must strive for the way is narrow.
  • 2 Timothy 2:15 Study[8] to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth.
Without that diligent striving you may become barren or unfruitful in the knowledge of our Lord Jesus Christ.
"But he that lacketh these things is blind, and cannot see afar off..."
"...rather ... give diligence to make your calling and election sure."
What "world" and what corruption is Peter talking about. His kingdom is not a part of that world.
Do we believe in fables?
 : 1 Timothy 1:4 Neither give heed to fables and endless genealogies, which minister questions, rather than godly edifying which is in faith: so do.
1 Timothy 4:7 But refuse profane and old wives’ fables, and exercise thyself rather unto godliness.
2 Timothy 4:4 And they shall turn away their ears from the truth, and shall be turned unto fables.
Titus 1:14 Not giving heed to Jewish fables, and commandments of men, that turn from the truth.
What was the Christian conflict with Rome?
How does the Modern Christian Church differ from the early Church?
[2 Peter 1:1]

Simon Peter, a servant and an apostle of Jesus Christ, to them that have obtained like precious faith with us through the righteousness of God and our Saviour Jesus Christ: 2 Grace and peace be multiplied unto you through the knowledge of God, and of Jesus our Lord, 3 According as his divine power hath given unto us all things that pertain unto life and godliness, through the knowledge of him that hath called us to glory and virtue: 4 Whereby are given unto us exceeding great and precious promises: that by these ye might be partakers of the divine nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world through lust.

Peter's progression

1:5 And beside this, giving all diligence[9], add to your faith virtue; and to virtue knowledge; 6 And to knowledge temperance; and to temperance patience; and to patience godliness;7 And to godliness brotherly kindness; and to brotherly kindness charity. 8 For if these things be in you, and abound, they make you that ye shall neither be barren nor unfruitful in the knowledge of our Lord Jesus Christ. 9 But he that lacketh these things is blind, and cannot see afar off, and hath forgotten that he was purged from his old sins. 10 Wherefore the rather, brethren, give diligence[8] to make your calling and election sure: for if ye do these things, ye shall never fall: 11 For so an entrance shall be ministered unto you abundantly into the everlasting kingdom of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ.

Be not Negligent

1:12 Wherefore I will not be negligent to put you always in remembrance of these things, though ye know them, and be established in the present truth. 13 Yea, I think it meet, as long as I am in this tabernacle, to stir you up by putting you in remembrance; 14 Knowing that shortly I must put off this my tabernacle, even as our Lord Jesus Christ hath shewed me. 15 Moreover I will endeavour[8] that ye may be able after my decease to have these things always in remembrance.

Devise not fables

1:16 For we have not followed cunningly devised fables, when we made known unto you the power and coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, but were eyewitnesses of his majesty. 17 For he received from God the Father honour and glory, when there came such a voice to him from the excellent glory, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased. 18 And this voice which came from heaven we heard, when we were with him in the holy mount.

1:19 We have also a more sure word of prophecy; whereunto ye do well that ye take heed, as unto a light that shineth in a dark place, until the day dawn, and the day star arise in your hearts: 20 Knowing this first, that no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation. 21 For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost.

2 Peter 2

Comments 2 Peter 2 Despise not Dominion
In verse 10 we see a warning about despising government. The Greek word kuriotes does not actually mean "government" but "dominion".[10]
Man was granted dominion by God in Genesis 1:26. That dominion includes our God-given rights to choose to act in a righteous fashion. But many men choose to give up their natural rights and grant that God given dominion to other men in exchange for something like Esau in Genesis 25:34[11] who sold his God given birth right for "bread and pottage of lentiles" because he "despised" it.
God Hates this disregard for the rights and responsibilities He bestows on man. This is also the error of Balaam and the deeds of the Nicolaitan.
What does it mean to "speak evil of dignities"? God did not put most rulers into power over you. You and others before you have done that by coveting benefits offered by men who exercise authority one over the other as Peter said you would.
We are not seeking righteousness while we are giving other men the "power to choose" for us what is good and evil. This is what man does when the Voice of the people reject God and elect rulers like Israel did in 1 Samuel 8 gives power to men in government.
To "grant dominion to other men" who call themselves Benefactors but who exercise authority one over another is the opposite of what Christ told us. To use any government to take from your neighbor to obtain benefits, social security or welfare is the essence of Covetous Practices that curse children which is the theme of this chapter.
Is the Constitution biblical?
While you may have to pay tribute you do not have to seek the Wages of unrighteousness‎.
This entire chapter is about doing what is righteous. Taking from your neighbor through the agency of government is not righteous. It is sitting at the table of rulers and an appetite for the desire of their dainties and benefits is not only idolatry but a "fellowship" and "communion" with unbelievers that will yoke[12] you as merchandise and curse your children.
Polybius and John the Baptist warned us as wells Peter, Paul, James and John.
No one can seek or apply to these Fathers of the earth for their benefits and still be able to say they are practicing Pure Religion.
In verse 13 we see Peter say that there are "spots" from the Greek spilos[13] Our care of the needy of society as Christians must be "unspotted" to be Pure Religion.
People want government to pass laws to make them ave and secure but Tacitus knew 2000 years ago that "The more laws, the more corrupt the state."
We should be attending to the weightier matters Christ rebuked the Pharisees for neglecting but not by the voice of the people electing more rulers.
We need to repent and seek the Kingdom of God and his righteousness by coming together according to the perfect law of liberty in free assemblies desiring to serve rather than merely be served.

2:1 But there were false prophets also among the people, even as there shall be false teachers among you, who privily shall bring in damnable heresies, even denying the Lord[14] that bought them, and bring upon themselves swift destruction. 2 And many shall follow their pernicious ways; by reason of whom the way of truth shall be evil spoken of.

Be not Merchandise

2:3 And through covetousness shall they with feigned words make merchandise of you: whose judgment now of a long time lingereth not, and their damnation slumbereth not. 4 For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them down to hell, and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment; 5 And spared not the old world, but saved Noah the eighth person, a preacher of righteousness, bringing in the flood upon the world of the ungodly; 6 And turning the cities of Sodom and Gomorrha into ashes condemned them with an overthrow, making them an ensample unto those that after should live ungodly;

7 And delivered just Lot, vexed with the filthy conversation[15] of the wicked: 8 (For that righteous man dwelling among them, in seeing and hearing, vexed his righteous soul from day to day with their unlawful deeds;) 9 The Lord knoweth how to deliver the godly out of temptations, and to reserve the unjust unto the day of judgment to be punished:

Despise not Dominion

10 But chiefly them that walk after the flesh in the lust of uncleanness, and despise government. Presumptuous are they, selfwilled, they are not afraid to speak evil of dignities. 11 Whereas angels, which are greater in power and might, bring not railing accusation against them before the Lord. 12 But these, as natural brute beasts, made to be taken and destroyed, speak evil of the things that they understand not; and shall utterly perish in their own corruption;

Curse not Children

13 And shall receive the reward of unrighteousness, as they that count it pleasure to riot in the day time. Spots[13] they are and blemishes, sporting themselves with their own deceivings while they feast with you; 14 Having eyes full of adultery, and that cannot cease from sin; beguiling unstable souls: an heart they have exercised with covetous practices; cursed children: 15 Which have forsaken the right way, and are gone astray, following the way of Balaam [the son] of Bosor, who loved the wages of unrighteousness; 16 But was rebuked for his iniquity: the dumb ass speaking with man's voice forbad the madness of the prophet. 17 These are wells without water, clouds that are carried with a tempest; to whom the mist of darkness is reserved for ever. 18 For when they speak great swelling words of vanity, they allure through the lusts of the flesh, through much wantonness, those that were clean escaped from them who live in error.

Be not Entangled Again

19 While they promise them liberty, they themselves are the servants of corruption: for of whom a man is overcome, of the same is he brought in bondage. 20 For if after they have escaped the pollutions[16] of the world through the knowledge of the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, they are again entangled [17]therein, and overcome, the latter end is worse with them than the beginning. 21 For it had been better for them not to have known the way of righteousness, than, after they have known it, to turn from the holy commandment delivered unto them. 22 But it is happened unto them according to the true proverb[18] The dog is turned to his own vomit again; and the sow that was washed to her wallowing in the mire.

2 Peter 3

Comments 2 Peter 3
The reference to "pure minds" is about pure repentance because to repent is to change the mind by which through Peter's progression of faith you shall be "neither be barren nor unfruitful in the knowledge of our Lord Jesus Christ" but "he that lacketh" this progression from real faith will be "blind, and cannot see afar off" spoken of in 2 Peter.
Keep the Commandments
"scoffers,[19] walking after their own lusts"[20]
Mark of the Beast | Elements[21]
Divers lusts | Wantonness‎ |
Goats and Sheep
" being led away with the error of the wicked, fall from your own stedfastness."
The elements of the corrupted world that were destroyed by water and now with a fervent heat are the same beggarly elements bring men back into bondage, entangled and subject to ordinances of of a corrupted world spoken of in Galatians and Colossians.
  • Galatians 4:3 Even so we, when we were children, were in bondage under the elements <4747> of the world:
Galatians 4:9 But now, after that ye have known God, or rather are known of God, how turn ye again to the weak and beggarly elements <4747>, whereunto ye desire again to be in bondage?
Galatians 5:1 Stand fast therefore in the liberty wherewith Christ hath made us free, and be not entangled again with the yoke of bondage.
  • Colossians 2:8 Beware lest any man spoil you through philosophy and vain deceit, after the tradition of men, after the rudiments <4747> of the world, and not after Christ.
Colossians 2:20 Wherefore if ye be dead with Christ from the rudiments <4747> of the world, why, as though living in the world, are ye subject to ordinances,
Peter speaks of his beloved brother Paul speaking of some things hard to be understood. That difficulty is because people lack knowledge.
Hosea 4:6 "My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge: because thou hast rejected knowledge, I will also reject thee, that thou shalt be no priest to me: seeing thou hast forgotten the law of thy God, I will also forget thy children."

3:1 This second epistle, beloved, I now write unto you; in both which I stir up your pure minds by way of remembrance: 2 That ye may be mindful of the words which were spoken before by the holy prophets, and of the commandment of us the apostles of the Lord and Saviour: 3 Knowing this first, that there shall come in the last days scoffers, walking after their own lusts, 4 And saying, Where is the promise of his coming? for since the fathers fell asleep, all things continue as they were from the beginning of the creation. 5 For this they willingly are ignorant of,[22] that by the word of God the heavens were of old, and the earth standing out of the water and in the water: 6 Whereby the world that then was, being overflowed with water, perished: 7 But the heavens and the earth, which are now, by the same word are kept in store, reserved unto fire against the day of judgment and perdition of ungodly men.

3:8 But, beloved, be not ignorant[22] of this one thing, that one day is with the Lord as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day.

Elements of the world

3:9 The Lord is not slack concerning his promise, as some men count slackness; but is long suffering to us-ward, not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance. 10 But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night; in the which the heavens shall pass away with a great noise, and the elements[21] shall melt with fervent heat, the earth also and the works that are therein shall be burned up.

3:11 Seeing then that all these things shall be dissolved, what manner of persons ought ye to be in all holy conversation[15] and godliness[23], 12 Looking for and hasting unto the coming of the day of God, wherein the heavens being on fire shall be dissolved, and the elements[21] shall melt with fervent heat? 13 Nevertheless we, according to his promise, look for new heavens and a new earth, wherein dwelleth righteousness.

Brother Paul

14 Wherefore, beloved, seeing that ye look for such things, be diligent[8] that ye may be found of him in peace, without spot[24] and blameless. 15 And account that the longsuffering of our Lord is salvation; even as our beloved brother Paul also according to the wisdom given unto him hath written unto you; 16 As also in all his epistles, speaking in them of these things; in which are some things hard to be understood, which they that are unlearned[25] and unstable wrest, as they do also the other scriptures, unto their own destruction.

Error of the Wicked

17 Ye therefore, beloved, seeing ye know these things before, beware lest ye also, being led away with the error of the wicked,[26] fall from your own stedfastness. 18 But grow in grace, and in the knowledge of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. To him be glory both now and for ever. Amen.

1 Peter
1 Peter 1 | 1 Peter 2 | 1 Peter 3 | 1 Peter 4 | 1 Peter 5

2 Peter
2 Peter 1 | 2 Peter 2 | 2 Peter 3
See also Submit yourselves? 1_Peter_2:13

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  1. 1401 ~δοῦλος~ doulos \@doo’-los\@ from 1210; n AV-servant 120, bond 6, bondman 1; 127
    1) a slave, bondman, man of servile condition
    1a) a slave
    1b) metaph., one who gives himself up to another’s will, those whose service is used by Christ in extending and advancing his cause among men
    1c) devoted to another to the disregard of one’s own interests
    2) a servant, attendant
  2. Matthew 24:5 For many shall come in my name, saying, I am Christ; and shall deceive many.
    Mark 13:6 "For many shall come in my name, saying, I am [Christ]; and shall deceive many."
    Luke 13:23 "Then said one unto him, Lord, are there few that be saved? And he said unto them, 24 Strive to enter in at the strait gate: for many, I say unto you, will seek to enter in, and shall not be able. Luke 13:27 But he shall say, I tell you, I know you not whence ye are; depart from me, all [ye] workers of iniquity."
  3. 703 ~ἀρέτη~ arete \@ar-et’-ay\@ from the same as 730; TDNT-1:457,77; {See TDNT 93} n f AV-virtue 4, praise 1; 5
    1) a virtuous course of thought, feeling and action
    1a) virtue, moral goodness
    2) any particular moral excellence, as modesty, purity
  4. 1108 ~γνῶσις~ gnosis \@gno’-sis\@ from 1097; TDNT-1:689,119; {See TDNT 157} n f AV-knowledge 28, science 1; 29
    1) knowledge signifies in general intelligence, understanding
    1a) the general knowledge of Christian religion
    1b) the deeper more perfect and enlarged knowledge of this religion, such as belongs to the more advanced
    1c) esp. of things lawful and unlawful for Christians
    1d) moral wisdom, such as is seen in right living
    For Synonyms see entry 5826 & 5894
  5. 1466 ~ἐγκράτεια~ egkrateia \@eng-krat’-i-ah\@ from 1468; TDNT-2:339,196; {See TDNT 208} n f AV-temperance 4; 4
    1) self-control (the virtue of one who masters his desires and passions, esp. his sensual appetites)
  6. 5281 ~ὑπομονή~ hupomone \@hoop-om-on-ay’\@ from 5278; TDNT-4:581,581; {See TDNT 481} n f AV-patience 29, enduring 1, patient continuance 1, patient waiting 1; 32
    1) steadfastness, constancy, endurance
    1a) in the NT the characteristic of a man who is not swerved from his deliberate purpose and his loyalty to faith and piety by even the greatest trials and sufferings
    1b) patiently, and steadfastly
    2) a patient, steadfast waiting for
    3) a patient enduring, sustaining, perseverance
    For Synonyms see entry 5861
  7. 2150 ~εὐσέβεια~ eusebeia \@yoo-seb’-i-ah\@ from 2152; TDNT-7:175,1010; {See TDNT 705} n f AV-godliness 14, holiness 1; 15
    1) reverence, respect
    2) piety towards God, godliness See Religion
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 4704 ~σπουδάζω~ spoudazo \@spoo-dad’-zo\@ from 4710; TDNT-7:559,1069; {See TDNT 735} v AV-endeavour 3, do diligence 2, be diligent 2, give diligence 1, be forward 1, labour 1, study 1; 11
    1) to hasten, make haste
    2) to exert one’s self, endeavour, give diligence
  9. 4710 ~σπουδή~ spoude \@spoo-day’\@ from 4692; TDNT-7:559,1069; {See TDNT 735} n f AV-diligence 5, haste 2, business 1 (Romans 12:11 ), care 1, forwardness 1, earnest care 1 (2 Corinthians 8:16), carefulness 1; 12
    1) haste, with haste
    2) earnestness, diligence
    2a) earnestness in accomplishing, promoting, or striving after anything
    2b) to give all diligence, interest one’s self most earnestly
  10. 2963 ~κυριότης~ kuriotes \@koo-ree-ot’-ace\@ from 2962; TDNT-3:1096,486; {See TDNT 418} n f AV-dominion 3, government 1; 4
    1) dominion, power, lordship
    2) in the NT: one who possesses dominion
  11. Genesis 25:34 Then Jacob gave Esau bread and pottage of lentiles; and he did eat and drink, and rose up, and went his way: thus Esau despised [his] birthright.
  12. 2 Corinthians 6:14 Be ye not unequally yoked together with unbelievers: for what fellowship hath righteousness with unrighteousness? and what communion hath light with darkness?
  13. 13.0 13.1 4696 ~σπίλος~ spilos \@spee’-los\@ of uncertain derivation; ; n m AV-defile 1, spot 1; 2
    1) a spot
    2) a fault, moral blemish
    2a) of base and gluttonous men
    • Ephesians 5:27 That he might present it to himself a glorious church, not having spot <4696>, or wrinkle, or any such thing; but that it should be holy and without blemish.
    • 2 Peter 2:13 And shall receive the reward of unrighteousness, as they that count it pleasure to riot in the day time. Spots <4696> they are and blemishes, sporting themselves with their own deceivings while they feast with you;
  14. 1203 ~δεσπότης~ despotes \@des-pot’-ace\@ perhaps from 1210 and posis (a husband); n m AV-Lord 5, master 5; 10 1) a master, Lord
  15. 15.0 15.1 391 ~ἀναστροφή~ anastrophe \@an-as-trof-ay’\@ from 390; TDNT-7:715,1093; {See TDNT 752} n f AV-conversation 13; 13
    1) manner of life, conduct, behaviour, deportment
  16. 3393 ~μίασμα~ miasma \@mee’-as-mah\@ from 3392 ("miasma"); n n AV-pollution 1; 1 1) that which defiles, defilement 2) metaph., vices the foulness of which contaminates one in his intercourse with the ungodly mass of mankind
  17. Galatians 4:3 Even so we, when we were children, were in bondage under the Elements of the World.
    Galatians 5:1 Stand fast therefore in the liberty wherewith Christ hath made us free, and be not entangled again with the yoke of bondage.
    Matthew 11:30 "For my yoke [is] easy, and my burden is light."
  18. Proverbs 26:11 ¶ As a dog returneth to his vomit, [so] a fool returneth to his folly.
  19. 1703 ~ἐμπαίκτης~ empaiktes \@emp-aheek-tace’\@ from 1702; TDNT-5:635,758; {See TDNT 580} n m AV-mockers 1, scoffers 1; 2
    1) a mocker, a scoffer
    • 2 Peter 3:3 Knowing this first, that there shall come in the last days scoffers <1703>, walking after their own lusts,
    • Jude 1:18 How that they told you there should be mockers <1703> in the last time, who should walk after their own ungodly lusts.
  20. 1939 ~ἐπιθυμία~ epithumia \@ep-ee-thoo-mee’-ah\@ from 1937 epithumeo to turn upon a thing... to lust after, covet; n f AV-lust 31, concupiscence 3, desire 3, lust after 1; 38
    1) desire, craving, longing, desire for what is forbidden, lust
  21. 21.0 21.1 21.2 4747 ~στοιχεῖον~ stoicheion \@stoy-khi’-on\@ from a presumed derivative of the base of 4748; TDNT-7:670,1087; {See TDNT 748} n n AV-element 4, rudiment 2, principle 1; 7
    1) any first thing, from which the others belonging to some seriesor composite whole take their rise, an element, first principal e.g. the elements, rudiments, primary and fundamental principles of any art, science, or discipline {#He 5:12}
    1a) the elements of religious training, or the cermonial precepts common alike to the worship of the Jews and of the Gentiles {#Ga 4:3,9}
    1b) the ceremonial requirements esp. of the Jewish tradition, minutely set forth by theophists and false teachers, and fortified by specious arguments {#Col 2:8,20}
    1c) the principles and practices of the old covanent world order {#2Pe 3:10,12}
  22. 22.0 22.1 2990 ~λανθάνω~ lanthano \@lan-than’-o\@ a prolonged form of a primitive verb, which is used only as an alt. in certain tenses; ; v AV-be hid 3, be ignorant of 2, unawares 1; 6
    1) to be hidden, to be hidden from one, secretly, unawares, without knowing
  23. 2150 ~εὐσέβεια~ eusebeia \@yoo-seb’-i-ah\@ from 2152; TDNT-7:175,1010; {See TDNT 705} n f AV-godliness 14, holiness 1; 15
    1) reverence, respect
    2) piety towards God, godliness See Religion
  24. 784 ~ἄσπιλος~ aspilos \@as’-pee-los\@ from 1 (as a negative particle) and 4695; TDNT-1:502,85; {See TDNT 107} adj AV-without spot 3, unspotted 1; 4
    1) spotless
    2) metaph.
    2a) free from censure, irreproachable
    2b) free from vice, unsullied
  25. 261 ~ἀμαθής~ amathes \@am-ath-ace’\@ from 1 (as a negative particle) and 3129; ; adj AV-unlearned 1 (2 Peter 3:16 ) ; 1 1) unlearned, ignorant
  26. 113 ~ἄθεσμος~ athesmos \@ath’-es-mos\@ from 1 (as a negative particle) and a derivative of 5087 (in the sense of enacting); TDNT-1:167,25; {See TDNT 27} adj AV-wicked 2; 2
    1) one who breaks through the restraint of law and gratifies his lusts. Equated with the error of Balaam and the Nicolaitan.
    • 2 Peter 2:7 And delivered just Lot, vexed with the filthy conversation of the wicked <113>:
    • 2 Peter 3:17 Ye therefore, beloved, seeing ye know these things before, beware lest ye also, being led away with the error of the wicked <113>, fall from your own stedfastness.