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In the Old Testament a prophet[1] was a spokesman, someone who was under influence of divine spirit.[2] The Hebrew word for prophet is nabiy or NunBeitYodAlef, which is derived from an action verb. To be inspired by the spirit of God, which was God's desire for all His people[3] to prophecy.[4] But the word we see translated prophet in the New Testament is the Greek word prophetes [5] which would be anyone one who, moved by the Holy Spirit of God and therefore was His spokesman through the wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of that spirit.[6] A prophet was to “speak for another, especially one who speaks for a god.”

The common list includes the Major Prophets: Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel, and Daniel.

The Twelve Minor Prophets: Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, and Malachi.

But there should be an accounting of David, Samuel, Gideon, and others.


  1. 05030 ^איבנ^ nabiy’ \@naw-bee’\@ from 05012; n m; AV-prophet 312, prophecy 1, them that prophesy 1, prophet + 0376 1, variant 1; 316
    1) spokesman, speaker, prophet
    1a) prophet
    1b) false prophet
    1c) heathen prophet
  2. 05012 ^אבנ^ naba’ \@naw-baw’\@ a primitive root; v; AV-prophesy 111, prophesying 2, prophet 2; 115
    1) to prophesy
    1a) (Niphal)
    1a1) to prophesy
    1a1a) under influence of divine spirit
    1a1b) of false prophets
    1b) (Hithpael)
    1b1) to prophesy
    1b1a) under influence of divine spirit
    1b1b) of false prophets
  3. Numbers 11:29 And Moses said unto him, Enviest thou for my sake? would God that all the LORD’S people were prophets, [and] that the LORD would put his spirit upon them!
    John 6:45 It is written in the prophets, And they shall be all taught of God. Every man therefore that hath heard, and hath learned of the Father, cometh unto me.
  4. 4394 ~προφητεία~ propheteia \@prof-ay-ti’-ah\@ from 4396 ("prophecy"); TDNT-6:781,952; {See TDNT 673} n f AV-prophecy 16, prophesying 3; 19
    1) prophecy
    1a) a discourse emanating from divine inspiration and declaring the purposes of God, whether by reproving and admonishing the wicked, or comforting the afflicted, or revealing things hidden; esp. by foretelling future events
    1b) Used in the NT of the utterance of OT prophets
    1b1) of the prediction of events relating to Christ’s kingdom and its speedy triumph, together with the consolations and admonitions pertaining to it, the spirit of prophecy, the divine mind, to which the prophetic faculty is due
    1b2) of the endowment and speech of the Christian teachers called prophets
    1b3) the gifts and utterances of these prophets, esp. of the predictions of the works of which, set apart to teach the gospel, will accomplish for the kingdom of Christ
  5. 4396 ~προφήτης~ prophetes \@prof-ay’-tace\@ from a compound of 4253 and 5346; n m AV-prophet 149; 149
    1) in Greek writings, an interpreter of oracles or of other hidden things
    2) one who, moved by the Spirit of God and hence his organ or spokesman, solemnly declares to men what he has received by inspiration, especially concerning future events, and in particular such as relate to the cause and kingdom of God and to human salvation
    2a) the OT prophets, having foretold the kingdom, deeds and death, of Jesus the Messiah.
    2b) of John the Baptist, the herald of Jesus the Messiah
    2c) of the illustrious prophet, the Jews expected before the advent of the Messiah
    2d) the Messiah
    2e) of men filled with the Spirit of God, who by God’s authority and command in words of weight pleads the cause of God and urges salvation of men
    2f) of prophets that appeared in the apostolic age among Christians
    2f1) they are associated with the apostles
    2f2) they discerned and did what is best for the Christian cause, foretelling certain future events. (#Acts 11:27)
    2f3) in the religious assemblies of the Christians, they were moved by the Holy Spirit to speak, having power to instruct, comfort, encourage, rebuke, convict, and stimulate, their hearers
    3) a poet (because poets were believed to sing under divine inspiration)
    3a) of Epimenides (#Tit 1:12)
  6. Ephesians 1:17 That the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give unto you the spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of him: