Micah 4

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The first word in the Hebrew[1] is VavHeyYodHey pronounced like wə-hā-yāh more literally translated "And it shall come to pass". The next word we see is AlefChetReish which means after but contains additional letters added to it in this text, a Yod, the divine spark, and a Tav, the letter for faith. Then we see the word "last"[2] which in the Hebrew appears as AlefChetReishYodTavBeit which also appears in Isaiah 2:2[3] . The root word is AlefChetReish meaning delay or after but by adding letters like Yod, Tav, and Beit the author adds to the richness of the meaning.

The term for last in Micah 4 is translated "But in the last" but we see the same unique variations[1] in Isaiah 2:2[3] "And it shall come to pass in the last days, that the mountain of the LORD'S house shall be established in the top of the mountains, and shall be exalted above the hills; and all nations shall flow unto it."

Last is followed by yowm YodVavMem Meaning "day, time, year" [4]
The term mountain is har HeyReish[5] which is "of the house of the LORD shall "be established"[6] or " to be set up" in the top of the mountains but this term has additional letters appearing as HeyHeyReishYodMem הֶהָרִ֔ים he-hā-rîm. This mountain HeyHeyReishYodMem "shall be exalted above the hills". The word hill is from GimelBeitAyinHey[7] but appears as MemGimelBeitAyinVavTav mig-gə-ḇā-‘ō-wṯ from the word cup or bowl GimelBeitYodAyin גְּבִיעַ‎ gëbiya‘.[8]
The word exalted Is from nasa’ NunShinAlef[9] can mean "carry off". And here we see wə·niś·śā- from the letters VavNunShinAlef which also appears in the same form in 2 Kings 20:17 as "shall be carried into Babylon" and Isaiah 39:6 "shall be carried to Babylon" and Daniel 11:12 "[And] when he hath taken away the multitude", and Amos 4:2 "shall come upon you, that he will take you away with hooks".

We also see the untranslated HeyVavAlef next to the VavNunShinAlef (wə·niś·śā-).[1]

Questions
What is the difference between a house of prayer[10] and one of plunder or thieves?[11]
What else does Micah 4 and Isaiah 2[3] have in common?
In this cause and effect universe what becomes the moving force if we make certain choices?
What hill or mountain shall we be a part of?
[1]

1 But in the last[2] days[12] it shall come to pass, that the mountain[5] of the house of the LORD shall be established[6] be restored in the top of the mountains[5], and it shall be exalted above the hills;[8] and people shall flow unto it. 2 And many nations shall come, and say, Come, and let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, and to the house of the God[11] of Jacob; and he will teach us of his ways, and we will walk in his paths: for the law shall go forth of Zion, and the word of the LORD from Jerusalem. 3 And he shall judge among many people, and rebuke strong nations afar off; and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruninghooks: nation shall not lift up a sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more. 4 But they shall sit every man under his vine and under his fig tree; and none shall make them afraid: for the mouth of the LORD of hosts hath spoken it. 5 For all people will walk every one in the name of his god, and we will walk in the name of the LORD our God for ever and ever. 6 In that day, saith the LORD, will I assemble her that halteth,[13] and I will gather her that is driven out,[14] and her that I have afflicted; 7 And I will make her that halted[13] a remnant, and her that was cast far off[14] a strong nation: and the LORD shall reign over them in mount Zion from henceforth, even for ever.


8 And thou, O tower of the flock, the strong hold of the daughter of Zion, unto thee shall it come, even the first dominion; the kingdom shall come to the daughter of Jerusalem. 9 Now why dost thou cry out aloud? is there no king in thee? is thy counsellor perished? for pangs have taken thee as a woman in travail. 10 Be in pain, and labour to bring forth, O daughter of Zion, like a woman in travail: for now shalt thou go forth out of the city, and thou shalt dwell in the field, and thou shalt go even to Babylon[15]; there shalt thou be delivered; there the LORD shall redeem thee from the hand of thine enemies. 11 Now also many nations are gathered against thee, that say, Let her be defiled, and let our eye look upon Zion. 12 But they know not the thoughts of the LORD, neither understand they his counsel: for he shall gather them as the sheaves into the floor. 13 Arise and thresh, O daughter of Zion: for I will make thine horn iron, and I will make thy hoofs brass: and thou shalt beat in pieces many people: and I will consecrate their gain unto the LORD, and their substance unto the Lord of the whole earth.



Micah | Micah 1 | Micah 2 | Micah 3 | Micah 4 | Micah 5 | Micah 6 | Micah 7




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Footnotes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Hebrew compare
    Micah 4:1
    וְהָיָ֣ה בְּאַחֲרִ֣ית הַיָּמִ֗ים יִ֠הְיֶה הַ֣ר בֵּית־יְהוָ֤ה נָכֹון֙ בְּרֹ֣אשׁ הֶהָרִ֔ים וְנִשָּׂ֥א ה֖וּא מִגְּבָעֹ֑ות וְנָהֲר֥וּ עָלָ֖יו עַמִּֽים ׃
    וְהָיָ֣ה בְּאַחֲרִ֣ית הַיָּמִ֗ים נָכֹ֨ון יִֽהְיֶ֜ה הַ֤ר בֵּית־יְהוָה֙ בְּרֹ֣אשׁ הֶהָרִ֔ים וְנִשָּׂ֖א מִגְּבָעֹ֑ות וְנָהֲר֥וּ אֵלָ֖יו כָּל־הַגֹּויִֽם ׃
    from Isaiah 2:2 both from the Hebrew OT: Westminster Leningrad Codex
    These variations are almost identical except for the last words "and all nations shall flow unto it" in Isaiah and in Micah "and people shall flow unto it."
  2. 2.0 2.1 0319 אַחֲרִית‎ AlefHeyReishYodTav ‘achariyth [akh-ar-eeth’] from 0310 behind, after Which also is from the root 0309 delay with the same letters AlefChetReish; n f; [BDB-31a] [{See TWOT on 68 @@ "68f" }] AV-end 31, latter 12, last 7, posterity 3, reward 2, hindermost 1, misc. 5; 61
    1) after part, end
    1a) end, issue, event
    1b) latter time (prophetic for future time)
    1c) posterity
    1d) last, hindermost
    • א Alef Father-Son- begin- The Paradox: God and Man - (ox bull)[strength, leader, first] 1
    • ה Hey Expression--Thought, Speech, Action. Manifest seeds of thought and life. [Emphasize, jubilation, window, fence] 5
    • ר Reish Process of Clarification The "head" or "beginning". Life's revelation. [Head... Person head highest] 200
    • י Yod The Infinite Point of essential good hidden in the ט Tet . [closed hand... Deed work to make] 10
    • ת Tav is a Seal of a Higher kingdom or realm. The malchut to the keter (crown) through faith. It links the unseen worlds like a doorway of faith. [sign cross... seal] 400
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Isaiah 2:2 "And it shall come to pass in the last days, that the mountain of the LORD'S house shall be established in the top of the mountains, and shall be exalted above the hills; and all nations shall flow unto it."
  4. 03117 יוֹם‎ yowm [yome] from an unused root meaning to be hot; n m; [BDB-398a] [{See TWOT on 852 }] AV-day 2008, time 64, chronicles + 01697 37, daily 44, ever 18, year 14, continually 10, when 10, as 10, while 8, full 8 always 4, whole 4, alway 4, misc 44; 2287
    1) day, time, year
    1a) day (as opposed to night) [{#Ge 7:4,12 8:22 31:39,40 Ex 24:18 34:28 Nu 11:32 Jos 10:13 De 9:9,11,18,25 10:10 Ge 1:5,14,16,18 1Sa 30:12 Jud 19:8,9,11 Am 5:8 1Ki 8:29 19:8 Ne 4:22 Ec 8:16 2Sa 3:35 }]
    1a1) the heat of the day [{#Ge 18:1 1Sa 11:11 2Sa 4:5 }]
    1a2) the day is still high [{#Ge 29:7 }]
    1a3) cool of the day [{#Ge 3:8 }]
    1a4) from dawn until midday [{#Ne 8:3 }]
    1a5) growing lighter and lighter until the full day [{#Pr 4:18 }]
    1a6) until the declining of the day [{#Jud 19:8 }]
    1a7) the day has sunk down and become evening [{#Jud 19:9 }]
    1b) day (24 hour period)
    1b1) as defined by evening and morning in Genesis 1
    1b2) as a division of time
    1b2a) a working day, a day’s journey
    1c) days, lifetime (pl.)
    1d) time, period (general)
    1e) year
    1f) temporal references
    1f1) today
    1f2) yesterday
    1f3) tomorrow
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 02022 הַר‎ har HeyReish [har] a shortened form of 02042 HeyReishReish, Greek 717 Αρμαγεδων; n m; [BDB-223b, BDB-249a] [{See TWOT on 517 @@ "517a" }] AV-mountain 261, mount 224, hill 59, hill country 1, promotion 1; 546.
    1) hill, mountain, hill country, mount
    • ה Hey Expression--Thought, Speech, Action. Manifest seeds of thought and life. [Emphasize, jubilation, window, fence] 5
    • ר Reish Process of Clarification The "head" or "beginning". Life's revelation. [Head... Person head highest] 200
  6. 6.0 6.1 03559 כּוּן‎ kuwn [koon] a primitive root; v; [BDB-646b, BDB-465b] [{See TWOT on 964 }] AV-prepare 85, establish 58, ready 17, stablish 5, provide 5, right 5, fixed 4, set 4, direct 3, order 3, fashion 3, variant 2, certain 2, confirmed 2, firm 2, preparation 2, misc 17; 219
    1) to be firm, be stable, be established
    1a) (Niphal)
    a1) to be set up, be established, be fixed
    1a1a) to be firmly established
    1a1b) to be established, be stable, be secure, be enduring
    1a1c) to be fixed, be securely determined
    1a2) to be directed aright, be fixed aright, be steadfast (moral sense)
    1a3) to prepare, be ready
    1a4) to be prepared, be arranged, be settled
    1b) (Hiphil)
    1b1) to establish, set up, accomplish, do, make firm
    1b2) to fix, make ready, prepare, provide, provide for, furnish
    1b3) to direct toward (moral sense)
    1b4) to arrange, order
    1c) (Hophal)
    1c1) to be established, be fastened
    1c2) to be prepared, be ready
    1d) (Polel)
    1d1) to set up, establish
    1d2) to constitute, make
    1d3) to fix
    1d4) to direct
    1e) (Pulal) to be established, be prepared
    1f) (Hithpolel) to be established, be restored
  7. 01389 גִּבְעָה‎ GimelBeitAyinHey gib‘ah [ghib-aw’] from the same as 01387 Gibeah= "hill" from 01375 GimelBeitAyin cup, bowl; n ; f; [BDB-148b] [{See TWOT on 309 @@ "309a" }] AV-hill 69; 69
    1) hill
    1a) hill (lower than a mountain)
    1b) as a place of illicit worship
    1c) poetic for mountain
    1d) used in place names
    • ג Gimel Reward and Punish, Cause and effect. Do to others as they should do. Camel[throwstick pride to lift up] 3
    • ב Beit Purpose: God Dwelling Place Below - from house or God's house here[household, in, into] 2
    • ע Ayin also U Divine Providence Eye or Well of five states of kindness or severity. [eye, watch] 70
    • ה Hey Expression--Thought, Speech, Action. Manifest seeds of thought and life. [Emphasize, jubilation, window, fence] 5
  8. 8.0 8.1 01375 גְּבִיעַ‎ gëbiya‘ [gheb-ee’-ah] from an unused root; n m; [BDB-149a] [{See TWOT on 309 @@ "309b" }] AV-bowl 8, cup 5, pot 1; 14
    1) cup, bowl [See hills 01389 גִּבְעָה‎ GimelBeitAyinHey]
    • ג Gimel Reward and Punish, Cause and effect. Do to others as they should do. Camel[throwstick pride to lift up] 3
    • ב Beit Purpose: God Dwelling Place Below - from house or God's house here[household, in, into] 2
    • ע Ayin also U Divine Providence Eye or Well of five states of kindness or severity. [eye, watch] 70
  9. 05375 ^אשׂנ^ nasa’ NunShinAlef \@naw-saw’\@ or ^הסנ^ nacah (#Ps 4:6) \@naw-saw’\@ a primitive root; v; {See TWOT on 1421} AV-(bare, lift, etc … ) up 219, bear 115, take 58, bare 34, carry 30, (take, carry)  … away 22, borne 22, armourbearer 18, forgive 16, accept 12, exalt 8, regard 5, obtained 4, respect 3, misc 74; 654
    1) to lift, bear up, carry, take
    1a) (Qal)
    1a1) to lift, lift up
    1a2) to bear, carry, support, sustain, endure
    1a3) to take, take away, carry off, forgive
    1b) (Niphal)
    1b1) to be lifted up, be exalted
    1b2) to lift oneself up, rise up
    1b3) to be borne, be carried
    1b4) to be taken away, be carried off, be swept away
    1c) (Piel)
    1c1) to lift up, exalt, support, aid, assist
    1c2) to desire, long (fig.)
    1c3) to carry, bear continuously
    1c4) to take, take away
    1d) (Hithpael) to lift oneself up, exalt oneself
    1e) (Hiphil)
    1e1) to cause one to bear (iniquity)
    1e2) to cause to bring, have brought
    • נ ן Nun Heir to the Throne, Aramaic fish in the Mem (fish in flowing waters) or in the Hebrew the Nun may mean the kingdom. [fish moving... Activity life] 50
    • ש Shin Eternal Flame of Revelation, bound to the coal of righteousness, the Divine Essence. [sun... teeth... consume destroy] 300
    • א Alef Father-Son- begin- The Paradox: God and Man - (ox bull)[strength, leader, first] 1
  10. 4336 ~προσεύχομαι~ proseuchomai \@pros-yoo’-khom-ahee\@ from 4314 pros "to the advantage of" or for an advantage and 2172 euchomai "To wish", request or apply for; v AV-pray 83, make prayer 3, pray for 1; 87
    1) to offer prayers, to pray
  11. 11.0 11.1 Matthew 21:13 And said unto them, It is written, My house shall be called the house of prayer; but ye have made it a den of thieves(plunderer).
    Mark 11:17 And he taught, saying unto them, Is it not written, My house shall be called of all nations the house of prayer? but ye have made it a den of thieves(plunderer).
    Luke 19:46 Saying unto them, It is written, My house is the house of prayer: but ye have made it a den of thieves(plunderer).
  12. Isaiah 2:2 And it shall come to pass in the last days, [that] the mountain of the LORD’S house shall be established in the top of the mountains, and shall be exalted above the hills; and all nations shall flow unto it.
    Acts 2:17 And it shall come to pass in the last days, saith God, I will pour out of my Spirit upon all flesh: and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, and your young men shall see visions, and your old men shall dream dreams:
    2 Timothy 3:1 This know also, that in the last days perilous times shall come.
    Hebrews 1:2 Hath in these last days spoken unto us by [his] Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds;
    James 5:3 Your gold and silver is cankered; and the rust of them shall be a witness against you, and shall eat your flesh as it were fire. Ye have heaped treasure together for the last days.
    2 Peter 3:3 Knowing this first, that there shall come in the last days scoffers, walking after their own lusts,...10 But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night; in the which the heavens shall pass away with a great noise, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat, the earth also and the works that are therein shall be burned up. (see Micah 1:4)
  13. 13.0 13.1 06760 צָלַע‎ TzadikLamedAyin tsala‘ [tsaw-lah’] a primitive root: probably to curve; v; [BDB-854a] [{See TWOT on 1925 }] AV-halt 4; 4
    1) to limp, be lame
    1a) (Qal)
    1a1) to limp
    1a2) to be lame
    • 06761 צֶלַע‎ tsela‘ can mean adversity or stumbling.
    • 06763 צלעה‎ tsal‘ah side, rib, beam, even chamber, boards, corners, beams, planks.
    • Also הַצֹּ֣לֵעָ֔ה translated "her that halteth" KJV see Micah 4:6 and Zephaniah 3:19
    • ה Hey Expression--Thought, Speech, Action. Manifest seeds of thought and life. [Emphasize, jubilation, window, fence] 5
    • צ ץ : צ ץ Tzadik is always related to The Faith of the Righteous One, the foundation of the word "to hunt" or Harvest even eat or desire.[Harvest pant desire]90.
    • ל Lamed means Aspiration of the Heart or to learn or even direct like a shepherd. It has to do with what the Hand produces, [hand is די YodDalet] or directs with staff, whip... like the tongue may direct. 30
    • ע Ayin also U Divine Providence Eye or Well of five states of kindness or severity. [eye, watch] 70
    • ה Hey Expression--Thought, Speech, Action. Manifest seeds of thought and life. [Emphasize, jubilation, window, fence] 5
  14. 14.0 14.1 05080 נָדַח‎ NunDaletChet nadach [naw-dakh’] a primitive root; v; [BDB-623a] [{See TWOT on 1304 }] AV-drive 18, drive out 6,  … away 6, outcasts 5, cast out 3, banished 2, bring 1, go astray 1, chased 1, compelled 1, down 1, expelled 1, misc 6; 52
    1) to impel, thrust, drive away, banish
    1a) (Qal)
    1a1) to impel
    1a2) to thrust away, banish
    1b) (Niphal)
    1b1) to be impelled
    1b2) to be thrust out, be banished
    1b2a) banished, outcast (participle)
    1b3) to be driven away
    1b4) to be thrust away, thrust aside
    1c) (Pual) to be thrust into
    1c1) thrust (participle)
    1d) (Hiphil)
    1d1) to thrust, move, impel
    1d2) to thrust out, banish
    1d3) to thrust away, thrust aside
    1e) (Hophal) to be chased, be hunted
    1e1) chased, hunted (participle)
    • Also וְהַנִּדָּחָ֖ה translated "her that is driven out" KJV see Micah 4:6 and Zephaniah 3:19
    • ו Vav Connection, Connecting realms and worlds or the dividing veil between them. [nail... And, Add, secure, hook] 6
    • ה Hey Expression--Thought, Speech, Action. Manifest seeds of thought and life. [Emphasize, jubilation, window, fence] 5
    • נ ן Nun Heir to the Throne, Aramaic fish in the Mem (fish in flowing waters) or in the Hebrew the Nun may mean the kingdom. [fish moving... Activity life] 50
    • ד Dalet Selflessness – Charity, back and forth or through a door or pathway, to enter like a fish, 4
    • ח Chet The Life Force - Dynamic nature of -cause and effect- give life and live.[fence, thread, hedge, chamber...cycle] 8
    • ה Hey Expression--Thought, Speech, Action. Manifest seeds of thought and life. [Emphasize, jubilation, window, fence] 5
  15. Revelation 14:8 And there followed another angel, saying, Babylon is fallen, is fallen, that great city, because she made all nations drink of the wine of the wrath of her fornication.
    Revelation 16:19 And the great city was divided into three parts, and the cities of the nations fell: and great Babylon came in remembrance before God, to give unto her the cup of the wine of the fierceness of his wrath.
    Revelation 17:5 And upon her forehead [was] a name written, MYSTERY, BABYLON THE GREAT, THE MOTHER OF HARLOTS AND ABOMINATIONS OF THE EARTH.
    Revelation 18:2 And he cried mightily with a strong voice, saying, Babylon the great is fallen, is fallen, and is become the habitation of devils, and the hold of every foul spirit, and a cage of every unclean and hateful bird.
    Revelation 18:10 Standing afar off for the fear of her torment, saying, Alas, alas, that great city Babylon, that mighty city! for in one hour is thy judgment come.
    Revelation 18:21 And a mighty angel took up a stone like a great millstone, and cast [it] into the sea, saying, Thus with violence shall that great city Babylon be thrown down, and shall be found no more at all.