Kingdom of heaven
God’s kingdom on earth has been here from generation to generation from the beginning. Jesus became its king in spirit and in truth by His birth and anointing, and sealed that Kingdom in the innocent blood of His sacrifice. There is a common and religiously held misunderstanding concerning the phrase the “Kingdom of Heaven”. God’s kingdom can be called the Kingdom of God or the Kingdom of Heaven. These two phrases are just the results of translation from one language to another.
The only author in the Bible who used the phrase “Kingdom of Heaven” was Matthew and, if we compare the Gospels, we can see that the phrases were used interchangeably within the different Gospels when speaking of the exact same incident.
Matthew most likely wrote in Hebrew. In translating to the Greek, the word malkut hashamayim becomes basileia ouranos, or Kingdom of Heaven. It actually means a “realm” on the earth. The word ouranos in Plato’s Dialogues is translated “world”, not a mystical ethereal or spiritual realm called “heaven”.
The Kingdom of Heaven can mean the Kingdom of the world, since the same word is commonly translated “world” by Greek scholars.
Ouranos, is from a root word meaning “to cover, encompass”. The meaning of ouranos includes the “vaulted expanse of the sky”, from the outer edge of the atmosphere to the center of the earth. Many other cultures believed that, if a man actually owned the land as a true and actual dominion granted by our creator, then he owned it from the sky above all the way to the center of the earth. This is clearly expressed in the maxim of the Roman law:
“He owns the land from the heavens and to the center of the earth.”
When someone actually owns land, holding more than a mere legal title, the maxim in American courts states, “that a man’s land extends to the center of the earth below the surface, and to the skies above, and are absolute in the” ownership of the land.
|The Kingdom of Heaven||The Kingdom of God|
|Mt 4:17 From that time Jesus began to preach, and to say, Repent: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.||Mark 1:15 And saying, The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand: repent ye, and believe the gospel.|
|Matthew 5:3 Blessed are the poor in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.||Luke 6:20 … Blessed be ye poor: for yours is the kingdom of God.|
|Mt 11:11 Verily I say unto you, Among them that are born of women there hath not risen a greater than John the Baptist: notwithstanding he that is least in the kingdom of heaven is greater than he.||Luke 7:28 For I say unto you, Among those that are born of women there is not a greater prophet than John the Baptist: but he that is least in the kingdom of God is greater than he.|
|Mt 13:11 He answered and said unto them, Because it is given unto you to know the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it is not given.||Luke 8:10 And he said, Unto you it is given to know the mysteries of the kingdom of God: but to others in parables; that seeing they might not see, and hearing they might not understand.|
|Matthew 13:31 Another parable put he forth unto them, saying, The kingdom of heaven is like to a grain of mustard seed, which a man took, and sowed in his field:||Luke 13:18-19 Then said he, Unto what is the kingdom of God like? and whereunto shall I resemble it? It is like a grain of mustard seed, which a man took, and cast into his garden; and it grew, and waxed a great tree; and the fowls of the air lodged in the branches of it.|
|Matthew 13:33 Another parable spake he unto them; The kingdom of heaven is like unto leaven, which a woman took, and hid in three measures of meal, till the whole was leavened.||Luke 13:20-21 And again he said, Whereunto shall I liken the kingdom of God? It is like leaven, which a woman took and hid in three measures of meal, till the whole was leavened.|
|Matthew 13:24 Another parable put he forth unto them, saying, The kingdom of heaven is likened unto a man which sowed good seed in his field:||Mark 4:26 And he said, So is the kingdom of God, as if a man should cast seed into the ground;|
|Mt 18:4 Whosoever therefore shall humble himself as this little child, the same is greatest in the kingdom of heaven.||Luke 18:16 But Jesus called them unto him, and said, Suffer little children to come unto me, and forbid them not: for of such is the kingdom of God.
Luke 18:17 Verily I say unto you, Whosoever shall not receive the kingdom of God as a little child shall in no wise enter therein.
|Mt 19:23 Then said Jesus unto his disciples, Verily I say unto you, That a rich man shall hardly enter into the kingdom of heaven.||Mark 10:23 And Jesus looked round about, and saith unto his disciples, How hardly shall they that have riches enter into the kingdom of God!
Luke 18:24 And when Jesus saw that he was very sorrowful, he said, How hardly shall they that have riches enter into the kingdom of God!
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- Daniel 4:3 How great [are] his signs! and how mighty [are] his wonders! his kingdom [is] an everlasting kingdom, and his dominion [is] from generation to generation.
- “…indeed we have no suitable word to express what the Greeks at first called an ouranos. It will be convenient to use the term ‘world’ for it”; Plato’s Dialogues, Early Greek Philosophy, Introduction , John Burnet.
- Cuius est solum, ejus est usque ad caelum et ad inferos.
- “that a man’s land extends to the center of the earth below the surface, and to the skies above, and are absolute in the owner of the land.” Taylor v Fickas, 64 Ind. 167, 172 (1878)