1 Corinthians 1

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To the Ekklesia in Corinth

Download Recording for chapters 1, 2, 3
In Verses 1-3 Paul addresses the issue regarding challenges to his apostleship and defends the issue by claiming that it was given to him through a revelation from Christ [1] by the will of God.
Verses 4–9 includes the thanksgiving part of the letter is typical of Hellenistic letter writing. In a thanksgiving recitation the writer thanks God for health, a safe journey, deliverance from danger, or good fortune.
Church legally defined is appointed by Christ and is a community. In the Greek it is the Ekklesia or called out for His purposes. It is not the general congregation of the people. Like the Levites who were called out as the Church in the wilderness the early Church had a job as the servants of God to the people through the kingship of Christ.[2]
There was Division in Corinth and following verse 10 through Chapter 4 the Facts, Causes of, and Cure for divisions will be addressed.
The Baptism of Modern Christians leaves you on a social path where your welfare was to be the result of forced offerings of men who called themselves Benefactors, but the Baptism of the Early Christian provided a Daily ministration which was the result of Freewill offerings. This meant a network of ministers operating as the Body of Christ to maintain connected Congregations that were donating the funds to the ministers of their choice to provide a communion of the people, for the people and by the people.
If you got baptized by John or one of his ministers you were in his network. The Israelite government had been a bottom-up network from the beginning. The same was true if you were in the network of Peter, Paul or Apollos as we see in 1 Corinthians 1:12.
Here, we have Paul warning about divisions being created, which end up destroying the hope in The Way of the kingdom of God. It was the job of the Ministers of the Church to unite the people in a Network of charity teaching the Gospel of Christ, not the denominations of Apollos[3] or Paul. Paul preached the doctrines of Jesus first according to the "testimony of Christ". He knew what it meant to be a Doer of the word. Faith in Christ was not merely what you thought or said you believed. Real belief was confirmed by your works and deeds. Paul is very clear that even if someone says they believe if they are not showing the works of righteousness we should "turn away".
Paul had brought Stephanas and his whole house to Christ's network. [4] We know that Stephanas, Fortunatus and Achaicus provided important aid to the network in Corinth when there was a shortage and need.[5]
Because these networks were often able to sustain themselves in difficult times they could be tempted by their self-sufficiency to become to independent and allow divisions to form. Israel had feared the same with the tribe of Reuben "beyond Jordan on the east"[6] because they built what seemed to be an independent Altar for Daily ministration.[7] Reuben remained a part of the network of Altars of sacrifice including the rest of Israel. [8] Paul is saying if we come in the "name of our Lord Jesus Christ" which was the character of Christ according to his virtuous nature of service and sacrifice, and Forgiveness through His Love and mercy, then there should be no divisions among you and we all speak the same thing, being "perfectly joined together in the same mind and in the same judgment".

1 ¶ Paul, called to be an apostle of Jesus Christ through the will[9] of God[10], and Sosthenes our brother, 2 Unto the church of God which is at Corinth, to them that are sanctified in Christ Jesus, called to be saints,[11] with all that in every place call upon the name of Jesus Christ our Lord, both theirs and ours: 3 Grace[12] be unto you, and peace, from God our Father, and from the Lord Jesus Christ.

Thank God for no lack of gifts

4 I thank < eucharisteo> my God always on your behalf, for the grace of God which is given you by Jesus Christ; 5 That in every thing ye are enriched by him, in all utterance, and in all knowledge; 6 Even as the testimony of Christ was confirmed in you: 7 So that ye come behind in no gift; waiting for the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ: 8 Who shall also confirm you unto the end, that ye may be blameless in the day of our Lord Jesus Christ. 9 God is faithful, by whom ye were called unto the fellowship[13] of his Son Jesus Christ our Lord.

No Division

10 ¶ Now I beseech you, brethren, by the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that ye all speak the same thing, and that there be no divisions among you; but that ye be perfectly joined together in the same mind and in the same judgment.[14] 11 For it hath been declared unto me of you, my brethren, by them which are of the house of Chloe, that there are contentions among you. 12 Now this I say, that every one of you saith, I am of Paul; and I of Apollos; and I of Cephas(another name for Peter); and I of Christ. 13 Is Christ divided? was Paul crucified for you? or were ye baptized in the name of Paul?

Sent to preach Christ

14 ¶ I thank God that I baptized none of you, but Crispus and Gaius; 15 Lest any should say that I had baptized in mine own name. 16 And I baptized also the household of Stephanas: besides, I know not whether I baptized any other.

The wisdom of humility

17 ¶ For Christ sent me not to baptize, but to preach the gospel: not with wisdom of words, lest the cross of Christ should be made of none effect. 18 For the preaching of the cross is to them that perish foolishness; but unto us which are saved it is the power of God. 19 For it is written, I will destroy the wisdom of the wise, and will bring to nothing the understanding of the prudent. 20 Where is the wise? where is the scribe? where is the disputer of this world [aion]? hath not God made foolish the wisdom of this world? 21 For after that in the wisdom of God the world by wisdom knew not God, it pleased God by the foolishness of preaching to save them that believe. 22 For the Jews require a sign, and the Greeks seek after wisdom: 23 But we preach Christ crucified, unto the Jews a stumblingblock, and unto the Greeks foolishness; 24 But unto them which are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God, and the wisdom of God. 25 Because the foolishness of God is wiser than men; and the weakness of God is stronger than men. 26 For ye see your calling, brethren, how that not many wise men after the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble, are called: 27 But God hath chosen the foolish things of the world to confound the wise; and God hath chosen the weak things of the world to confound the things which are mighty; 28 And base things[15] of the world, and things which are despised, hath God chosen, yea, and things which are not, to bring to nought things that are: 29 That no flesh should glory[16] in his presence. 30 But of him are ye in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctification,[17] and redemption:[18] 31 That, according as it is written, He that glorieth, let him glory in the Lord.

Corinthians Index

1 Corinthians Introduction | 1 Corinthians 1 | 1 Corinthians 2 | 1 Corinthians 3 | 1 Corinthians 4 | 1 Corinthians 5 | 1 Corinthians 6 | 1 Corinthians 7 | 1 Corinthians 8 | 1 Corinthians 9 | 1 Corinthians 10 | 1 Corinthians 11 | 1 Corinthians 12 | 1 Corinthians 13 | 1 Corinthians 14 | 1 Corinthians 15 | 1 Corinthians 16


  1. Matthew 16:17 And Jesus answered and said unto him, Blessed art thou, Simon Barjona: for flesh and blood hath not revealed [it] unto thee, but my Father which is in heaven. 18 And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.
  2. Acts 17:7 Whom Jason hath received: and these all do contrary to the decrees of Caesar, saying that there is another king, [one] Jesus.
    Matthew 27:11 And Jesus stood before the governor: and the governor asked him, saying, Art thou the King of the Jews? And Jesus said unto him, Thou sayest.
    Matthew 27:37 And set up over his head his accusation written, THIS IS JESUS THE KING OF THE JEWS.
    John 6:15 When Jesus therefore perceived that they would come and take him by force, to make him a king, he departed again into a mountain himself alone.
    John 18:33 Then Pilate entered into the judgment hall again, and called Jesus, and said unto him, Art thou the King of the Jews?
    John 18:37 Pilate therefore said unto him, Art thou a king then? Jesus answered, Thou sayest that I am a king. To this end was I born, and for this cause came I into the world, that I should bear witness unto the truth. Every one that is of the truth heareth my voice.
    John 19:19 And Pilate wrote a title, and put it on the cross. And the writing was, JESUS OF NAZARETH THE KING OF THE JEWS.
  3. Acts 18:25, 26 describes Aquilla and Priscilla guiding Apollos toward removing an evident division (and it is apparent, Apollos did not intend for that division to remain).
  4. 1 Corinthians 1:16 And I baptized also the household of Stephanas: besides, I know not whether I baptized any other.
  5. 1 Corinthians 16:17 I am glad of the coming of Stephanas and Fortunatus and Achaicus: for that which was lacking on your part they have supplied.
  6. Joshua 18:7 But the Levites have no part among you; for the priesthood of the LORD [is] their inheritance: and Gad, and Reuben, and half the tribe of Manasseh, have received their inheritance beyond Jordan on the east, which Moses the servant of the LORD gave them.
  7. Joshua 22:12 And when the children of Israel heard [of it], the whole congregation of the children of Israel gathered themselves together at Shiloh, to go up to war against them.
  8. Joshua 22:26 Therefore we said, Let us now prepare to build us an altar, not for burnt offering, nor for sacrifice: But that it may be a witness between us, and you, and our generations after us... God forbid that we should rebel against the LORD, and turn this day from following the LORD, to build an altar for burnt offerings, for meat offerings, or for sacrifices, beside the altar of the LORD our God that is before his tabernacle. 30 ¶ And when Phinehas the priest, and the princes of the congregation and heads of the thousands of Israel which were with him, heard the words that the children of Reuben and the children of Gad and the children of Manasseh spake, it pleased them.
  9. 2307 ~θέλημα~ thelema \@thel’-ay-mah\@ from the prolonged form of 2309; TDNT-3:52,318; {See TDNT 303} n n AV-will 62, desire 1, pleasure 1; 64
    1) what one wishes or has determined shall be done
    1a) of the purpose of God to bless mankind through Christ
    1b) of what God wishes to be done by us
    1b1) commands, precepts
    2) will, choice, inclination, desire, pleasure
  10. The phrase "will of God" appears some 23 times in the new testament and is first used by Christ in Mark 3:35 For whosoever shall do the will of God, the same is my brother, and my sister, and mother.
  11. There are several words translated "saint" in the Old Testament but in the New it is 40 ~ἅγιος~ hagios \@hag’-ee-os\@ from hagos (an awful thing) [cf 53, 2282]; adj AV-holy 161, saints 61, Holy One 4, misc 3; 229 \@Holy,\@ characteristic of God, separated to God, worthy of veneration 1) Its highest application is to God himself, in his purity, majesty and glory. {#Lu 1:49 Joh 17:11 Re 4:8} 1a) Of things and places which have a claim to reverence as sacred to God, e.g. the Temple: {#Mt 24:15 Heb 9:1} 1b) Of persons employed by him, as angels: {#1Th 3:13 marg.} prophets, {#Lu 1:70} apostles, {#Eph 3:5} 2) Applied to persons as separated to God’s service: 2a) Of Christ: {#Mr 1:24 Ac 4:30} 2b) Of Christians: {#Ac 9:13 Ro 1:7 Heb 6:10 Re 5:8} 3) In the moral sense of sharing God’s purity: {# Mark 6:20 John 17:11 Acts 3:14 Re 3:7} 4) Of pure, clean sacrifices and offerings: {#1Co 7:14 Eph 1:4}
  12. Favor 5485 ~χάρις~ charis \@khar’-ece\@ from 5463; n f AV-grace 130, favour 6, thanks 4, thank 4, thank + 2192 3, pleasure 2, misc 7; 156 1) grace 2) good will, loving-kindness, favour 3) what is due to grace 3b1) a gift of grace 3b2) benefit, bounty 4) thanks, (for benefits, services, favours), recompense, reward
  13. 2842 ~κοινωνία~ koinonia \@koy-nohn-ee’-ah\@ from 2844;n f AV-fellowship 12, communion 4, communication 1, distribution 1, contribution 1, to communicate 1; 20 1) fellowship, association, community, communion, joint participation, intercourse 1a) the share which one has in anything, participation 1b) intercourse, fellowship, intimacy 1b1) the right hand as a sign and pledge of fellowship (in fulfilling the apostolic office) 1c) a gift jointly contributed, a collection, a contribution, as exhibiting an embodiment and proof of fellowship
  14. 1106 ~γνώμη~ gnome \@gno’-may\@ from 1097;n f AV-judgment 3, mind 2, purpose + 1096 1, advice 1, will 1, agree + 4160 + 3391 1; 9 1) the faculty of knowledge, mind, reason 2) that which is thought or known, one’s mind 2a) view, judgment, opinion
  15. 36 ~ἀγενής~ agenes \@ag-en-ace’\@ from 1 (as negative particle) and 1085 kindred or offspring; ; adj AV-base things 1;
    1) ignoble, coward, mean, base, of no family, that is: low born {#1Co 1:28}
  16. 2744 ~καυχάομαι~ kauchaomai \@kow-khah’-om-ahee\@ from some (obsolete) base akin to that of aucheo (to boast) and 2172; TDNT-3:645,423; {See TDNT 377} v AV-glory 23, boast 8, rejoice 4, make boast 2, joy 1; 38
    1) to glory (whether with reason or without)
    2) to glory on account of a thing
    3) to glory in a thing
    • The antitheses of humility.
  17. 38 ~ἁγιασμός~ hagiasmos \@hag-ee-as-mos’\@ from 37 and 40 "separated" like the "Levites" or "sacrifice"; n m AV-holiness 5, sanctification 5; 10
    1) consecration
    2) sanctification: so strictly in {#Ro 6:19,22 1Co 1:30 1Th 4:3,7 2Th 2:13 Heb 12:14 1Pe 1:2} Elsewhere it perhaps inclines to the resultant state. {#1Th 4:4 1Ti 2:15}
    Sanctification is about separation for a separate purpose.
  18. “Redemption is deliverance from the power of an alien dominion and the enjoyment of the resulting freedom. It involves the idea of restoration to one who possesses a more fundamental right or interest. The best example of redemption in the Old Testament was the deliverance of the children of Israel from bondage, from the dominion of the alien power in Egypt.” according to Zondervan's Pictorial Encyclopedia of the Bible.

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