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A votive deposit or votive offering is one or more objects displayed or deposited, without the intention of recovery or use, in a sacred place for broadly religious purposes.

Votive is also defined as "offered, given, dedicated, etc., in accordance with a vow." There are two uses of the word vow in the Bible.

The Torah makes provision for "freewill offerings" which may be made by any individual. These are different from votive offerings which are linked to a vow or prayer.

"Either a bullock or a lamb that hath any thing superfluous or lacking in his parts, that mayest thou offer [for] a freewill offering[1]; but for a vow[2] it shall not be accepted." Leviticus 22:23

In this verse a clear differentiation is made between the two. The Hebrew root letters for a freewill offering are נדב (NunDaletBeit) which is the noun nadab[1] from the verb nadab[3], but for a votive offering there are the letters נדר (NunDaletReish) forming the noun neder[2] from the root word, a verb, nadar[4].

In the text we see "[as] a freewill offering" appearing with an additional letter נְדָבָה֙ (NunDaletBeitHey). It takes this form some ten times[5] but appears in other form some 16 additional forms.[6]

In the text we see "but for a vow" appearing with additional letters וּלְנֵ֖דֶר ([[[Vav]]Lamed[Nun]]DaletReish).

Is voting bad

People are already in a political system that is a direct or indirect democracy certainly have motivation to vote.

Democracies are not always a good form of government and for centuries in America they were not considered to good. In fact, until World War II democracy was considered “A government of the masses. Authority derived through mass meeting or any form of direct expression. Results in mobocracy. Attitude toward property is communistic - negating property rights. Attitude toward law is that the will of the majority shall regulate, whether it is based upon deliberation or governed by passion, prejudice, and impulse, without restraint or regard for consequences. Results in demagogism, license, agitation, discontent, anarchy.”[7]

If you live in a democracy and you have a right to vote you certainly may feel a need to vote in self defense in order to protect yourself and your neighbor from the covetous practices of the welfare state and those who desire to rule over and even rob their neighbor.

John Adams: “Democracy... while it lasts is more bloody than either aristocracy or monarchy. Remember, democracy never lasts long. It soon wastes, exhausts, and murders itself. There is never a democracy that did not commit suicide."

We have only a few things to do:

Repent which means to think a different way.
Seek to establish a government that run on love and charity instead of fear and force.
Seek righteousness in everything we do where ever we are at or what ever status we are in.
While we do that we should do that together in small intimate groups networked together.

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  1. 1.0 1.1 05071 ^הבדנ^ nᵉdabah \@ned-aw-baw’\@ from 05068; n f; {See TWOT on 1299 @@ "1299a"} AV-freewill offering 15, offerings 9, free offering 2, freely 2, willing offering 1, voluntary offering 1, plentiful 1, voluntarily 1, voluntary 1, willing 1, willingly 1; 26
    1) voluntariness, free-will offering
    1a) voluntariness
    1b) freewill, voluntary, offering
  2. 2.0 2.1 05088 ^רדנ^ neder \@neh’- der\@ or ^רדנ^ neder \@nay’- der\@ from the verb nadar 05087; n m; {See TWOT on 1308 @@ "1308a"} AV-vow 58, vowed 2; 60
    1) vow, votive offering
  3. 05068 ^בדנ^ nadab \@naw-dab’\@ a primitive root; v; {See TWOT on 1299} AV-offered willingly 6, willingly offered 5, willing 2, offered 1, willing 1, offered freely 1, give willingly 1; 17
    1) to incite, impel, make willing
    1a) (Qal) to incite, impel
    1b) (Hithpael)
    1b1) to volunteer
    1b2) to offer free-will offerings
  4. 05087 ^רדנ^ nadar \@naw-dar’\@ a primitive root; v; {See TWOT on 1308} AV-vow 30, made 1; 31
    1) to vow, make a vow
    1a) (Qal) to vow a vow
  5. Exodus 35:29 HEB: בְנֵי־ יִשְׂרָאֵ֛ל נְדָבָ֖ה לַיהוָֽה׃ פ
    KJV: brought a willing offering unto the LORD,
    Exodus 36:3
    HEB: אֵלָ֥יו ע֛וֹד נְדָבָ֖ה בַּבֹּ֥קֶר בַּבֹּֽקֶר׃
    KJV: it [withal]. And they brought yet unto him free offerings every morning.
    Leviticus 7:16
    HEB: נֶ֣דֶר ׀ א֣וֹ נְדָבָ֗ה זֶ֚בַח קָרְבָּנ֔וֹ
    KJV: [be] a vow, or a voluntary offering, it shall be eaten
    Leviticus 22:23
    HEB: שָׂר֣וּעַ וְקָל֑וּט נְדָבָה֙ תַּעֲשֶׂ֣ה אֹת֔וֹ
    KJV: that mayest thou offer [for] a freewill offering; but for a vow
    Deuteronomy 23:23
    HEB: לַיהוָ֤ה אֱלֹהֶ֙יךָ֙ נְדָבָ֔ה אֲשֶׁ֥ר דִּבַּ֖רְתָּ
    KJV: and perform; [even] a freewill offering, according as thou hast vowed Ezra 3:5
    HEB: וּלְכֹ֛ל מִתְנַדֵּ֥ב נְדָבָ֖ה לַיהוָֽה׃
    KJV: and of every one that willingly offered a freewill offering unto the LORD.
    Ezra 8:28
    HEB: וְהַכֶּ֤סֶף וְהַזָּהָב֙ נְדָבָ֔ה לַיהוָ֖ה אֱלֹהֵ֥י
    KJV: and the gold [are] a freewill offering unto the LORD
    Ezekiel 46:12
    HEB: יַעֲשֶׂה֩ הַנָּשִׂ֨יא נְדָבָ֜ה עוֹלָ֣ה אֽוֹ־
    KJV: shall prepare a voluntary burnt offering
    Ezekiel 46:12
    HEB: אֽוֹ־ שְׁלָמִים֮ נְדָבָ֣ה לַֽיהוָה֒ וּפָ֣תַֽח
    KJV: or peace offerings voluntarily unto the LORD,
    Hosea 14:4
    HEB: מְשׁ֣וּבָתָ֔ם אֹהֲבֵ֖ם נְדָבָ֑ה כִּ֛י שָׁ֥ב
    KJV: I will love them freely: for mine anger
  6. nə·ḏā·ḇāh — 10 Occ., but other occurrences have different letters
    bin·ḏā·ḇāh — 1 Occ., han·nə·ḏā·ḇāh — 1 Occ., lin·ḏā·ḇāh — 2 Occ., nə·ḏā·ḇō·wṯ — 3 Occ., niḏ·ḇaṯ — 1 Occ., niḏ·ḇō·wṯ — 2 Occ., niḏ·ḇō·w·ṯām — 1 Occ., niḏ·ḇō·w·ṯê·ḵem — 1 Occ., wə·niḏ·ḇō·ṯe·ḵā — 1 Occ., wə·niḏ·ḇō·ṯê·ḵem — 2 Occ., ḇin·ḏā·ḇāh — 1 Occ.
  7. 1928 U.S. Army Training Manual

Vows and Prayers

Today the word vow is defined “a solemn promise, pledge, or personal commitment: marriage vows...” But in the KJV of the Bible vow is translated from a word that means prayer. Translating horkos as vow might lead someone to think that Jesus prohibited vows yet the original words of the text may reveal a very different meaning.

These little deceptions through sophistry can go a long way to confuse the whole world. We have shown this a hundred times and more in our writings. Sophistry like this leads many people astray and has kept people from becoming doers of the word.

Some translations use the word vow instead of oath in Matthew 5:33 but this leads to confusion since we see another word for vow which appears in the biblical text in Acts 18:18 where we see that Paul took a vow, Acts 21:23, and in James 5:15 where the word is also translated prayer.

  • Acts 18:18 "And Paul after this tarried there yet a good while, and then took his leave of the brethren, and sailed thence into Syria, and with him Priscilla and Aquila; having shorn his head in Cenchrea: for he had a vow <euche>."
  • Acts 21:23 "Do therefore this that we say to thee: We have four men which have <euche> a vow on them;"
  • James 5:15 "And the prayer <euche> of faith shall save the sick, and the Lord shall raise him up; and if he have committed sins, they shall be forgiven him.

You do not have to become a Greek scholar but you should be willing to peek over the theological fence that other men have constructed in your mind with their different translations and private interpretations. The word we see for vow in these verses is euche or euchomai which means a prayer to God, a vow, what you desire or intend to do. It is the word from which you get eucharistos or Eucharist.

Other words like proseuche translated prayer 36 times or proseuchomai which is the word pray almost 90 times are extensions of this word we see translated vow.

The word euche is clearly not the same as word horkos more often translated oath but some people want to imagine that they can use these words interchangeably. They do the truth and Christ a disservice and if they continue in this they are bearing false witness about what Christ actually said and meant.

We have seen how translators can translate five different words into the same English word and the same Greek word into five or more different English words. If you couple this practice with the truth that each English word can have many different definitions then you should clearly see without some reference to original texts that you are opening the door to confusion and even lies. There should be a consistency in translating and the use of words in translations and especially in formulating your own conversations about Christ's doctrines.

So the word vow can mean several things. Matrimony is established with vows publicly announced before witnesses and God. This is not the same as Marriage vows as established by the authority of the State which fences a husband and wife under the authority of the State.

By not examining the meaning of words and the purpose and spirit of the original authors including their choice of words we are dissembling the Gospel of Christ and equivocate over the meanings of His words by worshiping what we want to believe is true rather than accepting the truth of what Christ actually said. We are leading people astray and are fencing in our thinking by our own personal interpretation and prejudice.

Don't be led astray by bad translations and other tools of sophistry.

A vow, as used with the translation of the Greek word eucho and used in the Bible, is a prayer.

A vow is a statement.

"A vow is not an oath."[1]

"A vow is not an oath."[2]

"A vow is not an oath."[3]

A vow is a statement.

A vow (euche¯) is a willing undertaking of good things. [4]

A vow is not even a promise.

Can a vow be like vote?

A promise is "a declaration that something will or will not be done, given, etc." and it is made to someone or some organization but a vow is an expression of intent to the general public but between you and God. It does not bring you under the authority of others, adjure or establish a jurisdiction under the authority of others.

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  1. The Distinguished Jurist's Primer, Volume 1, By Averroës, Ibn Rushd
  2. Southeastern Mennonite Conference
  3. The Monthly Repository of Theology and General Literature, Volume 19 published prior to 1923