Theology

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Theology the study of the nature of God and religious belief about God or gods but it was not religion. Religion originally the performance of a duty to God and your fellowman.

The word theology comes from two Greek words. The theo has to do with a god or ruling judge and ology has to do with study.

It may include other studioes:

Apologetics is the whole of the consensus of the views of those who defend a position in an argument of long standing.
Ecclesiology usually now refers to the theological study of the Christian Church.
Biblical cosmology is the biblical writers' conception of the Cosmos as an organised, structured entity, including its origin, order, meaning and destiny.
Eschatology the part of theology concerned with death, judgment, and the final destiny of the soul and of humankind.
Sophiology (from Greek Σοφία "sophia", wisdom) is a philosophical concept regarding wisdom, as well as a theological concept regarding the wisdom of God.

People like to break things down under a variety of theologies.

Covenant theology presents multiple private interpretations and is also known as Covenantalism, Federal theology, or Federalism. Then there is:

Dispensationalism including Classical and Progressive Dispensationalism is a religious interpretive system for the Bible. It considers Biblical history as divided deliberately by God into defined periods or ages to each of which God has allotted distinctive administrative principles.
New Covenant Theology (or NCT) is a Christian theological position teaching that the person and work of Jesus Christ is the central focus of the Bible. ... It shares similarities with, and yet is distinct from, Dispensationalism and Covenant Theology or even Dual-covenant theology.
Covenant theology (also known as Covenantalism, Federal theology, or Federalism) is a conceptual overview and interpretive framework for understanding the overall flow of the Bible. It uses the theological concept of a covenant as an organizing principle for Christian theology.
Premillennialism is often used to refer specifically to those who adhere to the beliefs in an earthly millennial reign of Christ as well as a rapture of the faithful coming before (dispensational) or after (historic) the Great Tribulation preceding the Millennium.
The Grace Movement (Hyper-dispensationalism, Mid-Acts Dispensationalism, ultra-dispensationalism, or more rarely, "Bullingerism" to which 'ultra-dispensationalism' properly applies) is a Protestant doctrine that basically views the teachings of the Apostle Paul both as unique from earlier apostles and as foundational ...
Preterism holds that Ancient Israel finds its continuation or fulfillment in the Christian church at the destruction of Jerusalem in AD 70. The term preterism comes from the Latin praeter, which Webster's 1913 dictionary lists as a prefix denoting that something is "past" or "beyond".
Judaizers is a term for Christians who decide to adopt Jewish customs and practices such as, primarily, the Law of Moses. They are distinct from Jewish Christians in that they were not originally Jewish, though often consider themselves descended from various lost tribes of Israel. This term Judaizer is derived from the Koine word Ἰουδαΐζειν (Ioudaizein) used once in the Greek New Testament (Galatians 2:14)

While Christ chose to summarize the ten commandments into just two men like to divide God into a multiplicity of listed forms. God is the same yesterday and today so the study of God and therefore His covenant should bring more uniformity. Is not the Old and New Testaments testifying of the same God? Is it man the one who makes them seem more different?


Supersessionism, also called replacement theology or fulfillment theology, is a doctrine that holds that the early Christian Church has succeeded the Israelites as the definitive people of God. This view directly contrasts with dual-covenant theology which holds that the Mosaic covenant remains valid for Jews.
Many Early Church commentators taught that Israel was replaced (superseded) by the Church:
  • Justin Martyr (about 100 to 165): "For the true spiritual Israel ... are we who have been led to God through this crucified Christ."[1]
  • Hippolytus of Rome (martyred 13 August 235): "[The Jews] have been darkened in the eyes of your soul with a darkness utter and everlasting."[2]
  • Tertullian (c. 155 – c. 240 AD): “Who else, therefore, are understood but we, who, fully taught by the new law, observe these practices,—the old law being obliterated, the coming of whose abolition the action itself demonstrates ... Therefore, as we have shown above that the coming cessation of the old law and of the carnal circumcision was declared, so, too, the observance of the new law and the spiritual circumcision has shone out into the voluntary observances of peace.”[3]
  • Augustine (354–430) follows these views of the earlier Church Fathers, but he emphasizes the importance to Christianity of the continued existence of the Jewish people: "The Jews ... are thus by their own Scriptures a testimony to us that we have not forged the prophecies about Christ."[4]
  • Others also supported forms of these perceptions like Origen, Luther and modern theologians like Karl Barth and his "theology of the Word".


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Roman Catholicism

Salvation, in Christianity, is the saving of the soul from sin and its consequences. It may also be called "deliverance" or "redemption" from sin and its effects.
Christian soteriology ranges from exclusive salvation to universal reconciliation concepts.
The term "exotheology" was coined in the 1960s or early 1970s[1] for the examination of theological issues as they pertain to extraterrestrial intelligence.


Repentance is about not only thinking another way but being compelled by what we now understand to be true to live another way. Truly repenting will include turning around and going another way. Faith is not just thinking another theology or accepting intellectual study of God. If Christ is in us we want to serve others because we care about others as much if not more than ourselves.

To attempt to create whole Theologies and Eschatology about God, and then imagining that is being faithful, when many of the same people are not even doing the basics of the Gospel of the Kingdom and the directive of Christ ... this is piteous, and such ones who imagine that way are often merely getting absolutely lost in the tree of knowledge.

"Ever learning, and never able to come to the knowledge of the truth." 2 Timothy 3:7

The Gospel is simple. We should be seeking the Kingdom of God and His righteousness and Judge not.

We should be loving one another as he loved us and tending to the Weightier matters of the law, judgment, mercy, and faith which include caring for the needs of our neighbors, the widows and orphans of our society through Pure Religion in matters of health, education, and welfare. We are NOT to do so by the Covetous Practices of modern governments.

The Way of Christ was not like the way of the world, nor the governments of the gentiles who depend on benefactors who exercise authority. Christ's ministers and true Christians do not depend upon systems of social welfare that force the contributions of the people like the corban of the Pharisees which made the word of God to none effect. Many people have been deceived to go the way of Balaam and the Nicolaitan and out of The Way of Christ.

The Christian conflict of the first century Church appointed by Christ was because they would not apply to the fathers of the earth for benefits but instead relied upon a voluntary network providing a daily ministration to the needy of society through Faith, Hope, and Charity by way of freewill offerings of the people, for the people, and by the people through the perfect law of liberty in Free Assemblies according to the ancient pattern of Tuns or Tens.

The modern Christians are in need of repentance.


"Follow me!" —Jesus the Christ.


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Footnotes

  1. Justin Martyr, Dialogue With Trypho 11, in Ante-Nicene Fathers 1:200.
  2. Hippolytus, Treatise Against the Jews 6, in Ante-Nicene Fathers 5.220.
  3. An Answer to the Jews, Chapter 3
  4. Augustine, The City of God 18.46, in Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers 2:389.
  5. Matthew 20:25-26 But Jesus called them unto him, and said, Ye know that the princes of the Gentiles exercise dominion over them, and they that are great exercise authority upon them. But it shall not be so among you: but whosoever will be great among you, let him be your minister;
    Mark 10:42-43 But Jesus called them to him, and saith unto them, Ye know that they which are accounted to rule over the Gentiles exercise lordship over them; and their great ones exercise authority upon them. But so shall it not be among you: but whosoever will be great among you, shall be your minister:
    Luke 22:25-26 And he said unto them, The kings of the Gentiles exercise lordship over them; and they that exercise authority upon them are called benefactors. But ye shall not be so: but he that is greatest among you, let him be as the younger; and he that is chief, as he that doth serve.