Replacement theology

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Supersessionism, also called replacement theology or fulfillment theology, is a doctrine that holds that the early Christian Church has succeeded the Israelites as the definitive people of God. This view directly contrasts with dual-covenant theology which holds that the Mosaic covenant remains valid for Jews.

Replacement theology concerning the Church becoming Israel does not condemn anyone or call for the persecution of anyone any more than the apostasy of the Modern Church calls for its persecution. The question is did the Apostles and the 120 in the upper room who were certain mostly Jews, if not all, the new "princes" of the Kingdom of God or "Israel"?

This does not mean that all those claiming to be the Church today are Israel since there is undoubtedly apostasy in the modern Church. It would appear that seeking the kingdom of God and His righteousness is seeking to Israel, which might not appear like the other nations of the world but be a peculiar people.

It would seem that if the Church was really being the Church established by Jesus Christ and doing what Jesus said it and its ministers would have less trouble understanding that Jesus took the kingdom from those who would not preserve the way of God and appointed it to those who would and did.

When the people of Israel return to the pagan ways of the Golden calf Moses "called out" the faithful of Israel. The Levites were appointed to be the Church in the wilderness who would serve the the congregations of the people in patterns of Tens. Early Israel was learning to follow the righteousness of the way of God which is what Jesus would teach the early Church as the righteousness of God in the eternal quest for the kingdom of God.

What is or who is Israel

The Hebrew word in the Bible is defined 03478 ^לארשׂי^ Yisra’el \@yis-raw-ale’\@ from 08280 and 0410, Greek 2474 ~Ισραηλ~; ; n pr m AV-Israel 2489, Israelites 16; 2505 The term Israel means first "God prevails" but is also defined:

1) the second name for Jacob given to him by God after his wrestling with the angel at Peniel
2) the name of the descendants and the nation of the descendants of Jacob
2a) the name of the nation until the death of Solomon and the split
2b) the name used and given to the northern kingdom consisting of the 10 tribes under Jeroboam; the southern kingdom was known as Judah
2c) the name of the nation after the return from exile.

The first place we see the word is :

  • Genesis 32:28 And he said, Thy name shall be called no more Jacob, but Israel: for as a prince hast thou power with God and with men, and hast prevailed. {Israel: that is, A prince of God}

It is important to understand that to say somethings name is to describe its character or nature. Those who say "Israel Only" in relation to the Gospel of the Kingdom often do not understand that the term is meant to identify a spiritual character.

We see the יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל YodShemReishAlefLamed appears over 2500 times but 111 of those times there is a Beit at the beginning of the word and is often translated "in Israel". There are 50 times it begins with the letter Lamed and is translated to or "unto Israel". The word is from two words which is "sarah" meaning "preserver" as in have the "power of" and the word "el" meaning "god". If you are not a preserver or have the power of God then you are not Israel. You are not Israel just because you say you are.

  • Exodus 4:22 And thou shalt say unto Pharaoh, Thus saith the LORD, Israel [is] my son, [even] my firstborn:
  • Psalms 89:18 For the LORD [is] our defence; and the Holy One of Israel [is] our king.
Comments Israel
 : Supersessionism, also called replacement theology or fulfillment theology, is a doctrine that holds that the early Christian Church has succeeded the Israelites as the definitive people of God. This view directly contrasts with dual-covenant theology which holds that the Mosaic covenant remains valid for Jews.
: Many Early Church commentators taught that Israel was replaced (superseded) by the Church:
* Justin Martyr (about 100 to 165): "For the true spiritual Israel ... are we who have been led to God through this crucified Christ."[1]
* Hippolytus of Rome (martyred 13 August 235): "[The Jews] have been darkened in the eyes of your soul with a darkness utter and everlasting."[2]
* Tertullian (c. 155 – c. 240 AD): “Who else, therefore, are understood but we, who, fully taught by the new law, observe these practices,—the old law being obliterated, the coming of whose abolition the action itself demonstrates ... Therefore, as we have shown above that the coming cessation of the old law and of the carnal circumcision was declared, so, too, the observance of the new law and the spiritual circumcision has shone out into the voluntary observances of peace.”[3]
* Augustine (354–430) follows these views of the earlier Church Fathers, but he emphasizes the importance to Christianity of the continued existence of the Jewish people: "The Jews ... are thus by their own Scriptures a testimony to us that we have not forged the prophecies about Christ."[4]
Others also supported forms of these perceptions like Origen, Luther and modern theologians like Karl Barth and his "theology of the Word". See Theology.
  • Matthew 2:6 And thou Bethlehem, [in] the land of Juda, art not the least among the princes of Juda: for out of thee shall come a Governor, that shall rule my people Israel.

This a clear statement saying that if Jesus is the Christ he shall rule Israel. Anyone who rejects the king or chooses another king is no longer Israel.

Even those who mocked Jesus knew he was the king of Israel.

  • Mark 15:32 Let Christ the King of Israel descend now from the cross, that we may see and believe. And they that were crucified with him reviled him.

Merely being called Christ is saying that someone is the King and many made this claim more clear with their words and praises.

  • John 1:49 Nathanael answered and saith unto him, Rabbi, thou art the Son of God; thou art the King of Israel.
  • John 12:13 Took branches of palm trees, and went forth to meet him, and cried, Hosanna: Blessed [is] the King of Israel that cometh in the name of the Lord.
  • Acts 2:36 Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly, that God hath made that same Jesus, whom ye have crucified, both Lord and Christ.

Jesus stated that he would take the kingdom from those Jews who were not following the ways of God.

  • Matthew 21:43 Therefore say I unto you, The kingdom of God shall be taken from you, and given to a nation bringing forth the fruits thereof.

Jesus made it clear who he would appoint that kingdom to.

  • Luke 12:32 Fear not, little flock; for it is your Father’s good pleasure to give you the kingdom.

And then He appointed that kingdom of God here on earth to them and told them not to be like the princes and rulers of other nations who call themselves Benefactors who exercise authority one over the other.

  • Luke 22:29 And I appoint unto you a kingdom, as my Father hath appointed unto me;

Thousands of Jews accepted Christ as their king at Pentecost as these new appointed ministers of the kingdom worked daily in the temple rightly dividing the bread from house to house and ministering to the people the Corban of Christ that made the word of God to effect in His kingdom. That daily ministration had been the responsibility of the Levites but now it was the responsibility of the early Church in the practice of Pure Religion.

Those who said they had no king but Caesar are no longer of the nation of Israel, the kingdom of God. Millions more of the "lost sheep"[5] were grafted into that kingdom of God and His righteousness.

  • John 19:15 But they cried out, Away with [him], away with [him], crucify him. Pilate saith unto them, Shall I crucify your King? The chief priests answered, We have no king but Caesar.

But they may repent and seek that kingdom of God and his righteousness.

  • Luke 1:16 And many of the children of Israel shall he turn to the Lord their God.

The Christian conflict with Rome brought judgment upon those people who persecuted the Church and those seeking that kingdom of God. Apostasy of the Church and an entanglement through a yoke of bondage were prophesied. Through covetous practices, the people would become merchandise and curse children.

Constantine brought in his apostate Church with his watered down baptism but for a thousand years true Christians survived and thrived. The kingdoms of men ruling over men collapsed and withdrew from its dominance over men. Then came false Christians and their damnable heresies who brought inquisitions and crowned men over men.

The problem today is the Modern Christian is under a strong delusion. They think they are professing Christ but they are actually workers of iniquity. The Modern Church does not instruct the people to sit down together in a network of tens as Christ commanded so that they may receive the true Eucharist of Christ.

The people have pursued the Corban of the Pharisees and seek social security through men who exercise authority one over the other. They do not live by faith, hope and charity and the perfect law of liberty but by the wages of unrighteousness.

The Modern Christian look to the Cain's, Nimrod's and Caesar's of the world with an appetite for free bread and benefits at the expense of their neighbor.

But they too may Repent and seek the kingdom of God and His righteousness.

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  1. Justin Martyr, Dialogue With Trypho 11, in Ante-Nicene Fathers 1:200.
  2. Hippolytus, Treatise Against the Jews 6, in Ante-Nicene Fathers 5.220.
  3. An Answer to the Jews, Chapter 3
  4. Augustine, The City of God 18.46, in Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers 2:389.
  5. Matthew 10:6 But go rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel.